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Give a brief account of somatic cell division.

Last updated date: 20th Jun 2024
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The equational cell division occurs in somatic cells that allow them to divide and produce their daughter cells.

Complete answer:
Mitosis is the method of producing two genetically identical cells from one egg. In human body cells, it consists of forty-six chromosomes in a single cell and ends up with forty-six chromosomes in two cells. Obviously, chromosome replication is a requirement for mitosis. Replication takes place during the interphase as chromosomes are distributed in the nucleus. Mitosis is an orchestrated sequence of cell operation that causes replicated chromosomes to be correctly divided into two separate cells. Chromosomes are significant because they have genes.
Mitosis consists of four essential phases: prophase, metaphase, anaphase and telophase. All these phases occur in strict sequential order, followed by cytokinesis-the process of separating the cell contents into two new cells-begins in anaphase or telophase.

Additional Information:
Mitosis is a form of cell division in which one cell (mother) divides to create two new cells (daughters) that are genetically identical to themselves. In the form of the cell cycle, mitosis is a part of the dividing process in which the DNA of the nucleus of the cell is divided into two identical sets of chromosomes.
The vast majority of cell divisions that occur in the body include mitosis. During development and growth, mitosis populates the body of the organism with cells and replaces old, worn-out cells with new ones during the life of the organism. In the case of single-celled eukaryotes such as yeast, mitotic divisions are simply a method of reproduction, introducing new individuals to the population.

Note: Somatic cell division occurs by mitosis. Mitosis is the mechanism by which the cell is split into two daughter cells. There are 5 phases of mitosis.