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Gir national park in Gujarat is famous for?
A.Asiatic tiger
B.Bengal tiger
C.Asiatic lions
D.Wild ass

Last updated date: 18th Jun 2024
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Hint:The lion population in Junagadh district was 268 individuals, 44 in Somnath District, 174 in Amreli district, and 37 in Bhavnagar District. There are 109 males, 201females and 213 cubs.The Sundarbans national park in west Bengal in India is famous for the Bengal tigers. Indian wild ass sanctuary is located at kutch in Gujarat.Uttarakhand, Rajasthan, Delhi, Madhya Pradesh, Kerala, Karnataka are the states which have sanctuaries for Asian tigers.

Complete answer:
Gir Forest National park is a wildlife sanctuary in Gujarat. It is a part of the Khatar-For dry deciduous forests ecoregion. It is famous for Asiatic lions. It was established to protect the Asiatic lions. The Asiatic lions are endangered species and Gir is the only home for their protection. From 2010 the population of the Asiatic lions in the Gir national park steadily increased. The 14th Asiatic lion census was conducted in the year 2015 ; the population of the lions increased 27 percent when compared to previous census taken in 2010 .The Gir national park was also called as Sasan Gir. The Gir national park was established in 1965 . The location of the Gir national park covers three districts of Gujarat namely Junagadh, Gir Somnath and Amreli districts. The total area of the Gir national park is 1412 km2. During the 19th century there were only a dozen Asiatic lions left in India. The British viceroys brought the idea of the Gir national park in order to protect the Asiatic lions. Today the Gir National park is the only region where Asiatic lions live and it is considered as one of the most important protected areas in Asia because of its biodiversity.

Hence, the correct answer is option (C).

Note:Gir national park faces many threats because of the ecosystem. Natural threats like cyclones, drought and forest fires are causing great damage to the Gir national park.Gir national park doesn’t have a designated area for tourists. In order to avoid the tourism hazards to the wildlife an interpretation zone has been created at Devalia within the sanctuary.The census of the lions takes place five years once. Nearly 1000 forest officials go into the forest and count the lions which means only the count seen by them is counted as the population.