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Differentiate between in-situ conservation and ex-situ conservation.

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Last updated date: 21st Jun 2024
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Answer
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Hint:In-situ conservation means conserving all the living species, especially all the wild and endangered species, in their natural habitats and environment. Ex-situ conservation means conserving all the living species in the man-made / artful habitats that are similar to their natural living habitats.

Complete Answer:
In-situ ConservationEx-Situ Conservation
This is an on-site conservation.This is an off-site conservation.
It involves the natural habitats of organismsIt involves the man-made habitats.
It is appropriate for animals found abundantly.It is appropriate for animals which are not found abundantly.
It is not suitable in case of rapid decline in the number of a species, due to any factor.It is the best option in case of rapid decline in the number of a species, due to any factor.
Can be done for Wildlife and livestock conservation.Can be done to conserve crops and their wild relatives.
Designation, management and monitoring of the target species, is involved in this.Sampling, storage and transfer of target species from their natural habitats to man-made habitats, is involved in this.
It helps in maintaining the naturally ongoing processes of evolution and adaptation within the natural habitats of all the species.It separates the animals from their naturally ongoing processes of evolution and adaptations.
Example – National parks, wildlife sanctuaries, Biosphere reserves.Example – Zoos, Cryopreservation DNA banks, Aquariums, botanical gardens.



Note:The term biodiversity usually refers to the process of measuring the variation at all the levels, i.e., at the genetic, species, and ecosystem level. In-situ Conservation provides protection to endangered species against their predators.Ex-situ Conservation provides protection against all harmful factors.Both the types of conservation are unique and important in their own ways.