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How do fungi and fern reproduce to new plants?

Last updated date: 22nd Jul 2024
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Hint: Fungi lack chlorophyll and depend on other plants for survival. Ferns produce their own food and need fertilisation, while fungi do not. Fungi do not participate in photosynthesis, while ferns, which are classified as plants, do and derive glucose from carbon dioxide and sunlight.

Complete answer:
Fungi may be single-celled organisms or multicellular organisms with a great deal of complexity. They can be found in almost any habitat, but the majority of them live on land, mostly in soil or plant material, rather than in the sea or freshwater. Decomposers are organisms that live in the soil or on dead plant matter and play an important role in carbon and other element cycling.
Fern is a nonflowering vascular plant with true roots, stems, and complex leaves that belongs to the Polypodiopsida class. Ferns are a type of plant that does not produce flowers. In most cases, ferns replicate by developing spores. Ferns have roots, branches, and leaves, much like flowering plants.
Spore is a type of reproductive cell that can grow into a new person without fusing with another reproductive cell. Spores are not the same as gametes, which are reproductive cells that must fuse in pairs to produce a new organism. Asexual reproduction is carried out by spores, while sexual reproduction is carried out by gametes. Bacteria, fungi, algae, and plants all make spores.
The production of spores is how fungi and fern plants grow. Asexual reproductive bodies, spores are. To withstand unfavourable conditions such as high temperatures and low humidity, each spore is covered by a hard protective coat. Spores germinate and grow into new individuals in favourable conditions.

Advantage of spore formation
1. A sporangium produces a large number of spores.
2. Spores do not need a medium to disperse. Since they are rounded and light in weight, they can be quickly transferred for germination.
3. To prevent competition in one location, spores are easily dispersed by air to distant locations.
4. Spores have thick walls that protect them from dehydration in adverse conditions.