In India, the admissions in universities and professional courses happen based on the school or board results plus consideration of marks obtained in the entrance exams.
There are several entrance exams conducted in India by the government and private universities that helps in the admission process. The effectiveness is yet to be checked but the admissions are based on the rankings received in these entrance exams.
PMT stands for pre medical test. This is an entrance exam conducted for the process of short listing and selecting students for the admissions in medical colleges across the country. Several coaching centres, public and private, offer tuition facility to prepare for the pre medical test every year.
JEE stands for joint entrance examination. This entrance exam is conducted for admission and selection in the engineering colleges across the country. The JEE entrance exam is constituted by two examinations. These two parts are JEE Main and JEE Advance.