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Forty-three people went to a canteen, which sells soup and tea. If $ 18 $ persons took soup only, $ 8 $ took tea only and $ 5 $ took nothing. Use a Venn-diagram to find how many took tea.

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Last updated date: 13th Jul 2024
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Answer
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Hint: First of all, we shall note some important terms from the given question and they are persons, soup and tea.
Here, it is given that a total of forty-three people went to a canteen. Out of forty-three, $ 18 $ persons took soup only (i.e. they took soup not tea). And $ 8 $ took tea only (i.e. they took tea not soup).Also, $ 5 $ persons didn’t take anything (i.e. they didn’t buy soup and tea).
Now, our question is to calculate how many members took tea and also we are asked to represent it in a Venn-diagram. When we use circles to show the relationships among a group of things, this type of illustration is generally known as a Venn-diagram.
Formula used:
\[n(A \cap B) = n(U) - n(A \cap \bar B) - n(\bar A \cap B) - n(\overline {A \cup B} )\]
 $ n\left( B \right) = n\left( {A \cap B} \right) + n\left( {\bar A \cap B} \right) $

Complete step by step answer:
Let us name the set of all $ 43 $ persons as\[U\] .
Let \[A\] be the set of all people who took only soup not tea.
Let \[B\] be the set of all people who took only tea, not soup.
We shall denote the above assumptions mathematically using given information.
The total number of persons,
 $ n\left( U \right) = 43 $
The number of persons, who took only soup,
 $ n\left( {A \cap \bar B} \right) = 18 $
The number of persons, who took only tea,
\[\;\;n\left( {\bar A \cap B} \right) = 8\]
The number of persons, who took nothing,
 $ n\left( {\overline {A \cup B} } \right) = 5 $
Now, we need to substitute these values in the first formula.
\[n(A \cap B) = n(U) - n(A \cap \bar B) - n(\bar A \cap B) - n(\overline {A \cup B} )\]
 $ = 43 - 18 - 8 - 5 $
 $ = 12 $
Using second formula, we get
 $ n\left( B \right) = n\left( {A \cap B} \right) + n\left( {\bar A \cap B} \right) $
 $ = 12 + 8 $
  $ = 20 $
Therefore, $ 20 $ people took tea.
Then, we need to represent it in a Venn-diagram.
seo images

This is the required Venn-diagram.

Note: When we use circles to show the relationships among a group of things, this type of illustration is generally known as a Venn-diagram. Our question is to calculate how many members took tea and also we are asked to represent it in a Venn-diagram. Here, $ 20 $ people took tea.