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Formula for the carbide of silicon with its correct property is:
(A) $ S{i_2}C, $ very hard and used as abrasive
(B) $ SiC $ , very hard and used as abrasive
(C) $ S{i_2}C $ , very soft and used as lubricant
(D) $ SiC $ , very soft and used as lubricant

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Last updated date: 19th Feb 2024
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IVSAT 2024
Answer
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Hint :Carbide is a term used for compounds made up of metals and metalloids by ionic bonds or covalent bonds. In which carbide exists as $ {C_2}^{ - 2} $ which is a dianionic form. Hybridization of carbide ions is sp and it has linear shape. It has two carbon atoms with a lone pair on each atom.

Complete Step By Step Answer:
Carbides are mainly of four types: Ionic, Covalent, Interstitial, Transition metals carbide. Silicon forms covalent carbide because carbon and silicon have low electronegativity differences. Silicon carbide is generally known as carborundum. Structure $ SiC $ exists in many forms with hexagonal crystal structure as the most common.
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Silicon carbides are stable and inert compounds. It is very hard and used as an abrasive, its hardness is very close to diamond. They are good for making rocket engines sandpapers, heating elements etc.
Thus, option (B) $ SiC $ , very hard and used as abrasive is the correct choice.

Note :
 $ SiC $ has a high thermal conductivity, temperature strength is very high along with properties like behaviour as semiconductors and low thermal expansion.
Silicon carbide dust has hazards to humans, creates irritation in eyes, skin and can even lead to lung cancer.