Answer

Verified

417.3k+ views

**Hint:**Here, we need to apply the triangular inequality after rewriting the given expression as $\left| z \right|+\left| -\left( z-1 \right) \right|$ . The inequality of will then be $\left| z \right|+\left| -\left( z-1 \right) \right|\ge \left| z+\left( -\left( z-1 \right) \right) \right|$ which has the minimum value $1$ .

**Complete step by step answer:**

Any complex number $z$ can be represented as $x+yi$ where, $x$ is the real part and $y$ is the imaginary part. $\left| z \right|$ is represented as $\sqrt{{{x}^{2}}+{{y}^{2}}}$ and gives the intuition of the distant of a point $\left( x,y \right)$ from the origin. Similarly, $\left| z-1 \right|$ is represented as $\sqrt{{{\left( x-1 \right)}^{2}}+{{y}^{2}}}$ and gives the intuition of the distance of the point $\left( x,y \right)$ from the point $\left( 1,0 \right)$ .

The given expression is $\left| z \right|+\left| z-1 \right|$ . We need to minimise this expression. In order to minimize this expression, we can take the help of the triangle inequality which states that

$\left| {{z}_{1}} \right|+\left| {{z}_{2}} \right|\ge \left| {{z}_{1}}+{{z}_{2}} \right|$

This inequality can be understood by a simple logic. The most general case would be ${{z}_{1}}$ being completely positive and ${{z}_{2}}$ being negative. Taking their absolute values separately and then adding the two would mean simply adding two positive numbers. But, if we first add them and then take their absolute values, we will always get a smaller number as the negative ${{z}_{2}}$ will cancel some part of the positive ${{z}_{1}}$and their result will be smaller.

To apply the triangle inequality in the given problem, we first need to rewrite the expression as

$\Rightarrow \left| z \right|+\left| z-1 \right|=\left| z \right|+\left| -\left( z-1 \right) \right|$

We now apply the triangle inequality as,

$\Rightarrow \left| z \right|+\left| -\left( z-1 \right) \right|\ge \left| z+\left( -\left( z-1 \right) \right) \right|$

Simplifying the above expression, we get,

$\Rightarrow \left| z \right|+\left| -\left( z-1 \right) \right|\ge \left| z+\left( 1-z \right) \right|$

Opening up the brackets, and then carrying out the subtraction, we get,

$\begin{align}

& \Rightarrow \left| z \right|+\left| -\left( z-1 \right) \right|\ge \left| z+1-z \right| \\

& \Rightarrow \left| z \right|+\left| -\left( z-1 \right) \right|\ge \left| 1 \right| \\

\end{align}$

We know that $\left| 1 \right|$ is nothing but $1$ . The inequality thus becomes,

$\left| z \right|+\left| z-1 \right|\ge 1$

Therefore, we can conclude that the minimum value of the given expression $\left| z \right|+\left| z-1 \right|$ is $1$ , that is option $\left( B \right)$ .

**Note:**These types of problems are tricky and require correct rewriting of the expression to get the desired answer. For example, if we write the inequality as $\left| z \right|+\left| z-1 \right|\ge \left| z+z-1 \right|$ which becomes $\Rightarrow \left| z \right|+\left| z-1 \right|\ge \left| 2z-1 \right|$ , which has the minimum value $0$ which is not the correct answer. This problem can also be solved in $x,y$ terms, but it will become tedious.

Recently Updated Pages

what is the correct chronological order of the following class 10 social science CBSE

Which of the following was not the actual cause for class 10 social science CBSE

Which of the following statements is not correct A class 10 social science CBSE

Which of the following leaders was not present in the class 10 social science CBSE

Garampani Sanctuary is located at A Diphu Assam B Gangtok class 10 social science CBSE

Which one of the following places is not covered by class 10 social science CBSE

Trending doubts

A rainbow has circular shape because A The earth is class 11 physics CBSE

Which are the Top 10 Largest Countries of the World?

Fill the blanks with the suitable prepositions 1 The class 9 english CBSE

How do you graph the function fx 4x class 9 maths CBSE

Give 10 examples for herbs , shrubs , climbers , creepers

The Equation xxx + 2 is Satisfied when x is Equal to Class 10 Maths

Why is there a time difference of about 5 hours between class 10 social science CBSE

Difference between Prokaryotic cell and Eukaryotic class 11 biology CBSE

Difference Between Plant Cell and Animal Cell