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# Find the condition that the zeros of the polynomial $f(x)={{x}^{3}}+3p{{x}^{2}}+3qx+r$ are in an A.P.

Last updated date: 18th Sep 2024
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Hint: Consider $a-d,a,a+d$ as a sum of polynomials. Find the expression for the sum of zeroes. Put $f(a)=0$ and find the condition by substituting $a=-p$ which is obtained from the sum of zeroes.

Given the polynomial,$f(x)={{x}^{3}}+3p{{c}^{2}}+3qx+r$
Let $a-d,a,a+d$ be the zeroes of the polynomial f(x) which is in A.P. with common difference d.
The sum of zeroes$=\dfrac{-Coefficient of{{x}^{2}}}{Coefficientof{{x}^{3}}}=(a-d)+a+(a+d)$
$\Rightarrow (a-d)+a+(a+d)=\dfrac{-3p}{1}$
where coefficient of ${{x}^{2}}=3p.$
Coefficient of ${{x}^{3}}=1$
\begin{align} & 3a=\dfrac{-3p}{1} \\ & \therefore a=-p \\ \end{align}
Since ‘a’ is a zero of the polynomial f(x),
\begin{align} & \therefore f(x)={{x}^{3}}+3p{{x}^{2}}+3qx+r \\ & f(a)=0 \\ \end{align}
Put $x=a.$
\begin{align} & f(a)={{a}^{3}}+3p{{a}^{2}}+3qa+r \\ & f(a)=0 \\ & \Rightarrow {{a}^{3}}+3p{{a}^{2}}+3qa+r=0 \\ \end{align}
Substitute $a=-p.$
\begin{align} & \therefore {{(-p)}^{3}}+3p{{(-p)}^{2}}+3q(-p)+r=0 \\ & -{{p}^{3}}+3{{p}^{3}}+3pq+r=0 \\ & \Rightarrow 2{{p}^{3}}-3pq+r=0 \\ \end{align}
Hence the condition for the given polynomial is $2{{p}^{3}}-3pq+r=0$.
Note:
We might think that for taking conditions, you might want to do differentiation, but that’s not right. Taking f’(x) won’t give us the required condition. As we have found $a=-p$, find$f(a)=0$, and then substitute $a=-p$ to get the required condition.