Question

# Find the common ratio of the geometric sequence: $- 1,1, - 1,1...........$${\text{a}}{\text{. 1}} \\ {\text{b}}{\text{. }} - 1 \\ {\text{c}}{\text{. 2}} \\ {\text{d}}{\text{. }} - 2 \\$

Hint: - Use common ratio of a G.P $= \dfrac{{{a_{n + 1}}}}{{{a_n}}}$.
Given geometric series is $- 1,1, - 1,1...........$

As we know for a G.P say $\left( {{a_{1,}}{a_{2,}}{a_{3,}}{a_{4,}}............{a_n},{a_{n + !}}} \right)$ the common ratio $\left( r \right)$ is written as
$r = \dfrac{{{a_2}}}{{{a_1}}} = \dfrac{{{a_3}}}{{{a_2}}} = \dfrac{{{a_4}}}{{{a_3}}} = ..........\dfrac{{{a_{n + 1}}}}{{{a_n}}}$

Where $\left( {n = 1,2,3..............} \right)$

So, the common ratio $\left( r \right)$for the given series is$r = \dfrac{1}{{ - 1}} = \dfrac{{ - 1}}{1} = \dfrac{1}{{ - 1}} = - 1$
Hence option (b) is correct.

Note: - In such types of questions the key concept we have to remember is that always remember the formula of common ratio of a G.P which is stated above, then simplify we will get the required common ratio of a G.P.