Father of Indian ecology A) Prof. R Misra B) G. S. Puri C) S. C. Pandeya D) Prof. N. Dudgeon
Hint: He established teaching and research in ecology at the department of botany in BHU, Varanasi.
Complete answer: The father of Indian ecology is Prof. R Misra.
Additional information: Ecology is the study of relationships between living organisms and their environment, the interaction of organisms with each other and the pattern and cause of the abundance and distribution of organisms in nature. Thus, ecology is the branch of science that deals with how nature and all the constituting forces work. German biologist Ernst Haeckel coined the term ecology.
The ecological patterns and the associated processes vary as a function of the scale at which they are functional. The biological scale of ecology comprises individual organisms, population and community. The primary level of ecological organization starts with the individual (a single plant, Insect or bird). The next level of organization is population. A collection of individuals of the same species inhabiting within an area or region is called population. Next, the more complex level of organization is the community. A group of different populations of interacting plants, animals and microorganisms within the same defined geographical area is community. Prof. N. Dudgeon started ecological studies in India.
So, the correct answer is ‘Prof. R Misra’.
Note: He formulated the first Post Graduate course in ecology in India. The government of India established the National Committee for Environmental Planning and Coordination (1972) due to the efforts of Prof. R Misra.
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