The human poverty is an idea that goes beyond the restricted view of poverty. It exists when people live under low standards. In this situation, people generally don’t have adequate access to basic human needs (food, shelter, clean water, clothing, medication etc.). It also states the disavowal of political, social and economic opportunities for an individual to maintain a ‘reasonable’ standard of living. The reason for the majority of people to live under such circumstances is the place they’re raised in, as that affects their access to basic needs as well as safety, education and job opportunities.
Lack of job opportunities, healthcare and sanitation, illiteracy, caste and gender discrimination, etc. are all components of human poverty. To find out the level of poverty, The Human Poverty Index (HPI) is a clue of the living standard of a country. To balance the Human Development Index (HDI), it was developed by the United Nations (UN) and was stated as part of the Human Development Report in 1997. The main purpose of this index is to reflect the extent of deprivation in developed countries as compared to rest of the world. In the year 2010, it was succeeded by the UN's Multidimensional Poverty Index.
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