Courses
Courses for Kids
Free study material
Offline Centres
More

How many esters with the molecular formula \[{C_5}{H_{10}}{O_2}\] can be made by reacting a primary alcohol with a carboxylic acid?
A. \[4\]
B. \[5\]
C. \[6\]
D. \[8\]

seo-qna
Last updated date: 24th Feb 2024
Total views: 338.4k
Views today: 10.38k
Rank Predictor
Answer
VerifiedVerified
338.4k+ views
Hint: The reaction of an organic carboxylic acid and an alcohol in presence of acid leads to formation of esters. Esters are an important class of organic compounds which are sweet and pleasant smelling compounds.

Complete step by step answer:
Esters are a class of organic compounds which are referred to as the derivatives of carboxylic acids. The ester compound is represented by the general formula .
The reaction of a carboxylic acid with alcohol is termed a condensation reaction. The term condensation means the two molecules get linked up liberating a molecule of water. The reaction is shown as
seo images

The given ester compound has the molecular formula \[{C_5}{H_{10}}{O_2}\]. It contains five carbon atoms in total. The condition of the formation of ester is that the alcohol part involved is a primary alcohol. Thus we have to find the possible primary alcohols which can form the ester compound.
The acid must have a single carbon atom. The following compounds are possible with a primary alcohol.

seo images

The structure I and II contains methyl alcohol which is a primary alcohol. The structure III contains ethyl alcohol and the structure IV contains propyl alcohol. The structure V contains n-butyl alcohol and the structure VI contains isobutyl alcohol. In all cases the alcohol is a primary alcohol.
Hence six esters with the molecular formula \[{C_5}{H_{10}}{O_2}\] can be made by reacting a primary alcohol with a carboxylic acid.

So, the correct answer is Option C.

Note: Unlike esters which are derivatives of carboxylic acids, amides and anhydrides and acid chlorides are the other derivatives of carboxylic acids. The esters are easily prepared by heating a mixture of carboxylic acid and alcohol in presence of acid. The acid catalyzes the esterification reaction to proceed faster.

Recently Updated Pages