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Enzymes are polymers of ?

seo-qna
Last updated date: 13th Jul 2024
Total views: 346.2k
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Answer
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Hint: They are organic compounds which combine to make up proteins. They are known as the building blocks of the human life and body besides proteins. They are left out when proteins are digested or broken down. The human body uses them to form proteins for various tasks like digestion of food.

Complete answer:
Enzymes are proteins that behave as a biocatalyst I.e., it increases the rate of biochemical reactions. They act upon substances called the substrates and they convert it into different molecules often termed as products. Almost all metabolic and important life processes inside the cell require enzymes for their catalysis property in order to occur at a faster rate to assist the organism's life.
The protein part of enzymes is not active which is termed as apoenzyme. It is made up of amino acids linked by the peptide bonds. These amino acids first link together to form proteins. These proteins are in their primary, secondary, tertiary and quaternary structure. The primary and secondary structures of proteins do not form enzymes.
Enzymes are formed from the tertiary and quaternary structures of the proteins. This is because enzymes need activation sites for their substrate to attach to and these activation sites can only be formed in the tertiary and quaternary structures of proteins.

Enzymes are polymers of amino acids.

Note:
Study of enzymes is known as enzymology and a new field of pseudo enzyme analysis has been growing. It recognizes that during evolution, many enzymes have lost the ability of biocatalyst, shown in their amino acid sequences. Enzyme catalysis individual steps for the metabolic pathways.