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What is the energy stored in the capacitor between the terminals a and b of the network shown in the figure?Capacitance of each capacitor $C=1\mu F$)A. $12.5\mu J$B. ZeroC. $25\mu J$D. $50\mu J$

Last updated date: 21st Jun 2024
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Hint: If you look closely at the diagram, you will notice that there is a wheatstone network in here. It is a balanced Wheatstone network. So, it can easily be solved using the concept of a wheatstone bridge. In a balanced Wheatstone Bridge, It is said that both sides of the parallel bridge network are balanced since the voltage at point C is equal to the voltage at point D, with zero being the difference.
Formula used:
For solving this question, we will be using the formula
Q = CV

Step by step solution:
First, let us redraw the diagram to make it a Wheatstone network
Now, Applying the concept of the balanced Wheatstone bridge,
${{C}_{eq}}=C$
Now, The Charge on capacitor between the terminals a and b

$\dfrac{Q}{2}=\dfrac{CV}{2}$
Now, for the energy stored in the capacitor between a and b,
$=\dfrac{{{(\dfrac{Q}{2})}^{2}}}{2C}=\dfrac{{{Q}^{2}}}{8C}$
Now, using
Q = CV
We have
\begin{align} & \Rightarrow Q=\dfrac{{{C}^{2}}{{V}^{2}}}{8C} \\ & \\ \end{align}
$\Rightarrow Q=\dfrac{C{{V}^{2}}}{8}$
Now, as
$C=1\mu F$
And, V = 10 V
Takin the given values,
\begin{align} & \Rightarrow U=\dfrac{(1\times {{10}^{-6}})\times {{10}^{2}}}{2C} \\ & \\ \end{align}
$\Rightarrow U=\dfrac{100}{8}\times {{10}^{-6}}$
$\Rightarrow U=12.5\mu J$

So, the energy stored in the capacitor between the terminals a and b of the network shown in the figure will be $12.5\mu J$, i.e., Option – A.

Note:
The network (or bridge) of Wheatstone is a circuit for indirect resistance calculation by a null reference approach relative to an established normal resistance. It consists of four R1, R2, R3 and R4 resistors connected to a quadrilateral ABCD. The Wheatstone bridge was created by the British Scientist, mathematician and physicist, Samuel Hunter Christie in 1843.