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How would you draw an alkane that has more than \[3\] but less than $10$ carbon atoms and only primary hydrogens?

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Last updated date: 13th Jun 2024
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Answer
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Hint: The alkanes are a class of hydrocarbons which are saturated in nature, meaning, all the carbons are attached to each other through single bonds. These are hydrophobic in nature, and also non polar.

Complete step-by-step answer:In order to answer this question we must first understand what alkanes are. Alkanes are a group of hydrocarbons, in which carbons are attached to each other through single bonds and so, these are also called saturated hydrocarbons. The term primary hydrogen refers to the hydrogen which is attached to a carbon which has an attachment with only one other carbon. Now, in order to predict the structure of the compound which is asked, we need to understand that the structure could not be a single long hydrocarbon chain as the non-terminal carbons would be attached to two other carbons and so the criteria of primary hydrogen would not be fulfilled.
So, we need to think about a structure which has branching and also has more than three carbons.
Now, if we consider the structure where four methyl groups are attached to one carbon, then the carbon at the centre would not have any hydrogen, and the methyl groups would have three hydrogen each, making it primary hydrogens. The structure is shown below,
seo images

The name of this structure is \[2,2-\] dimethylpropane, and the total number of carbon atoms in the structure are five, which is more than three. Now, as we can see all the methyl groups are identical and are attached to only one other carbon which is the central carbon, which makes the hydrogen carried by the methyl groups, primary hydrogens.

So, the answer is \[2,2-\] dimethylpropane.

Note:The primary hydrogens are the type of hydrogen which are attached to the carbon which is attached to only one other carbon, and so the best structure which has all the primary hydrogens and has more than at least three carbons is \[2,2-\] dimethylpropane.