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How does increased mass change momentum?

seo-qna
Last updated date: 24th Jul 2024
Total views: 384.9k
Views today: 4.84k
Answer
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Hint: The Momentum is defined as the product of the mass of the particle and its velocity. Momentum is a vector quantity and has both magnitude and direction. Momentum is measured in kilogram meters per second.

Complete step by step answer:
• If a body has a higher mass and moves with a higher velocity then the momentum of the body will also be higher.
• If m is the mass of the body and v is the velocity, then the momentum is written as,
$p = mv$
• Thus from the above, it is clear that the momentum is directly proportional to the mass and the velocity.
• Hence if the mass or velocity of the body is increased, then the momentum of the body also increases. Thus even if we double the mass or velocity, the momentum also gets doubled.
• Also when the two bodies are moving with the same velocity and having two different masses, then the momentum will be large for the body which is having a larger mass.

Additional Information:
• Mass is the quantity that is mainly dependent on the inertia of an object. The more the inertia of a body, the more the mass that it has.
• The momentum of a system of the particles is equal to the vector sum of their momenta.

Note:
• Momentum depends upon the mass of the object and the velocity of the object.
• The change in the momentum depends on the force that acts on the body and the length of the time it acts.