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Do plants and animals depend on their surroundings?

Last updated date: 14th Jul 2024
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Hint: Plants are usually green in colour, they survive by consuming sunlight, carbon dioxide, and nutrients and producing their own food through photosynthesis. Animals, on the other hand, survive by consuming other species (plants, animals, bacteria, or even bits and pieces of dead organisms).

Complete answer:
Plants consume decayed matter from the soil for nutrients and are consumed for survival by plant-eating animals. Carnivores eat lower animals in the food chain for nutrition and survival. When living organisms die, they decompose and become part of the soil, where they can be consumed by plants again. The loop continues in this manner.
Plants and animals are dependent on each other for reproduction in addition to food. Bees, for example, are the primary carriers of pollen that is transferred between flowers. Pollination aids in the reproduction of certain plant species. The nectar of flowers is often consumed by bees, resulting in a symbiotic relationship.
Aside from pollination, different animals assist in plant reproduction by acting as seed carriers. Plants must spread over a large enough area in order to thrive.

Plants and animals on a global scale by releasing oxygen into the atmosphere. While pollination and food chains only affect a few local plants and animals, they often overlap to form larger food webs containing hundreds or even thousands of wildlife species. Because of this global significance, when one plant or animal becomes extinct, even more suffer as a result.