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What is the definition of human anatomy and physiology? Give examples for each.

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Last updated date: 26th Feb 2024
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IVSAT 2024
Answer
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Hint: The term 'anatomy' means a ‘structure', whereas 'physiology' means 'function'. We can elaborate by saying that anatomy is the detailed study of various body parts, their organization, and their interrelationship, whereas physiology is the study of how these body parts and organs play their specific role in a coordinated manner.

Complete answer:
Anatomy is a branch of biology that studies the structure of organisms and their parts. Anatomy is a natural science branch that studies the structural organization of living things. It is a very old science, dating back to prehistoric times. Anatomy is inextricably linked to developmental biology, embryology, comparative anatomy, evolutionary biology, and phylogeny, as these are the processes by which anatomy is generated, both over immediate and long-term timescales.
An anatomist, for example, might investigate the different types of cells in the cardiac conduction system and how they are linked.
Psychology is the study of the mind and behavior. The study of conscious and unconscious phenomena, as well as feelings and thoughts, is included in psychology. It is a very broad academic discipline. Psychologists seek to understand the emergent properties of brains and the wide range of phenomena associated with those emergent properties, thus contributing to the larger neuro-scientific group of researchers.
Human Physiology is the study of the nature of the human body, specifically how structures at various levels function.

Note:
The history of anatomy is distinguished by a progressive understanding of the functions of the human body's organs and structures. Methods have also advanced dramatically, from dissection of carcasses and cadavers (corpses) to 20th-century medical imaging techniques such as X-ray, ultrasound, and magnetic resonance imaging.
Perception, cognition, attention, emotion, intelligence, subjective experiences, motivation, brain functioning, and personality are all investigated by psychologists.