Consider the following statements and select the correct answer using the code given below: 1. The northern slopes of the Himalayas are covered with dense forest. 2. The Western slopes of the Western Ghats area covered with dense forests
A) Only 1 is correct B) Only 2 is correct C) Both 1 and 2 are correct D) Neither 1 nor 2 is correct.
Hint: Tropical evergreen forests are thick, multi-layered ecosystems that support a diverse range of plants and animals. These forests are home to a diverse range of tree species. Some tree species lose their leaves at various times of the year in different parts of the world. As a result, these trees are known as evergreen forests because they are still green.
Complete answer: Now, We look at each options: 1. The northern slopes of the Himalayas are covered with dense forest :
The southwest monsoon winds, which fly west along the southern slops, bring more moisture to the Himalaya's southern slopes. Such rain does not occur on the northern slopes. The rainforests give way to tropical deciduous forests as precipitation decreases and the elevation rises westward. As a result, the southern slopes have thicker vegetation than the northern slopes. Hence, the northern slopes of the Himalayas are not covered with dense forest. Therefore, this statement is wrong. 2. The Western slopes of the Western Ghats area covered with dense forests:
The Western Ghats' western slopes are wrapped in thick tropical evergreen forests. This is due to the fact that the western slope receives much more rainfall than the eastern slope. During the monsoon season, moisture-laden air travels eastward over the Western Ghats. As one of the world's eight hotspots of biological diversity, the Western Ghats are known for their high biodiversity and endemism. It's known as an evergreen forest and it gets up to 350 inches of rain per year. Hence, the western slopes of the Western Ghats area are covered with dense forest. Therefore, this option is correct.
Hence, the correct option is B) Only 2 is correct.
Note: The Western Ghats are a mountain range that stretches along the west coast of peninsular India from Tamil Nadu to Maharashtra, passing through Kerala, Karnataka, and Goa. They are renowned for their magnificent beauty.