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Complete the following reaction
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(1)

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(2)

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(3)

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(4)

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seo-qna
Last updated date: 20th Jun 2024
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Answer
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Hint: In this reaction ${S_N}2$ reaction mechanism takes place. This reaction involves a substitution of the leaving group which is generally a halide group with a nucleophilic compound. In this reaction the rate of reaction is determined by both the reactant species.

Complete step by step answer:
This reaction follows the ${S_N}2$ reaction mechanism which is a single step reaction. In this reaction substitution of a nucleophile in the organic compound takes. In reaction the nucleophile is bromine.
The reactants given are 2-methyltetrahydrofuran and hydrogen bromide. The lone pair of electrons present in the oxygen atom of 2-methyltetrahydrofuran abstract the hydrogen of the hydrogen bromide to form a cationic species and the nucleophile bromide ion is released. This state is the transition state where the bromide ion further attacks from backward direction to the positive charge and gets attached to the ring by forming a new bond in the chemical compound. The nucleophile reaches the chemical compound at the angle of 180 degree. In this mechanism, the breaking of bonds and formation of new bonds take place synchronously.
The reaction showing the ${S_N}2$reaction mechanism between 2-methyltetrahydrofuran and hydrogen bromide is shown below.

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The second compound is in transition state.

So, the correct answer is Option 1.

Note: There are normally two ways by which the nucleophile can attack the carbon atom. First frontside attack and other is backside attack. As ${S_N}2$ reaction shows 100% inversion, it is confirmed that the nucleophile attacks the carbon atom from the backward direction. Primary substrate and secondary substrate can give ${S_N}2$ reaction mechanism but tertiary substrate cannot.