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What is the causative agent of Cholera?

Last updated date: 20th Jun 2024
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Hint: A Faeco-orally transmitted contagious bacterial disease. The disease spread due to unhealthy personal hygiene and sanitation practices.

Complete answer:
Cholera is an infectious and is often a fatal bacterial disease of the small intestine, which is typically contracted from infected water supplies and causing severe vomiting and diarrhoea. A bacterium called Vibrio cholerae causes cholera infection. The symptoms are produced due to the toxins released by the bacteria.

Additional Information:
Symptoms of this disease may range from none, to mild and to the severe or chronic. Dehydration occurs during this disease which makes the skin turn blue.
Other names of the disease are:
- Asiatic cholera
- Epidemic cholera.

Risk factors: Poor sanitation, not enough clean water for drinking, and poverty.

Diagnostic method: Stool test.
Treatment: oral rehydration therapy, zinc supplementation, intravenous fluids, and antibiotics.
As we all know, the disease is infectious and so it spreads from person to person.
This disease is spread mostly by unsafe water and unsafe food consumption which are contaminated by human faeces containing bacteria.

Symptoms of cholera can begin as soon as a couple of hours or as long as five days after infection. Often, symptoms are mild. But sometimes they are very serious. About one in 20 people infected have severe watery diarrhoea and vomiting, which may quickly cause dehydration. Although many infected people may have minimal or no symptoms, they will still contribute to the spread of the infection.
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So, the correct answer is, “Bacteria.”

Note: Cholera is a very serious infection that will cause dehydration and if not noticed will lead to the death of the patient. It is caused by eating food or drinking water contaminated by the bacterium Vibrio cholera and infection occurs in the small intestine. This disease was first identified in Bangladesh and is not found out of Asia.