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How much \[Ca{\left( {N{O_3}} \right)_2}\], in \[mg\], must be in \[50\,ml\] of a solution with \[2.35\,ppm\] of \[Ca\]?
A. 0.1175
B. 770.8
C. 4.7
D. 0.48

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Last updated date: 13th Jun 2024
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Answer
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Hint: A solution is marked by the presence of two parts. One part is the solute, and the other part is called the solvent. The solute is the substance that is dissolved in the solution. The solvent is the part where the solute is allowed to dissolve.

Complete step by step answer:
Given,
Volume of the solution is =\[50\,ml\]
Amount of \[Ca\] present = \[2.35\,ppm\]
Now we will have to calculate the amount of \[Ca{\left( {N{O_3}} \right)_2}\], in \[mg\] present.
We know that, for \[2.35\,ppm\] of \[Ca\],
\[\;{10^{ - 6}}{\text{ml}} = {\text{ }}2.35{\text{ mg}}\,{\text{of}}\,{\text{Ca}}\]
So, for \[50\,ml\],
\[
  2.35\,{\text{ppm = }}\dfrac{{{\text{mass}}\,{\text{of}}\,{\text{solute}}\,\,{\text{in}}\,\,{\text{mg}}}}{{{\text{volume}}\,{\text{of}}\,{\text{solution}}\,\,{\text{in}}\,\,{\text{litres}}}} \\
  \therefore 2.35\,{\text{ppm}} = \,\dfrac{{{\text{mass}}\,{\text{of}}\,{\text{solute}}\,\,{\text{in}}\,\,{\text{mg}}}}{{50 \times {{10}^{ - 6}}}} \\
   \Rightarrow {\text{mass}}\,{\text{of}}\,{\text{solute}}\,\,{\text{in}}\,\,{\text{mg = }}\,2.35 \times 50 \times {10^{ - 6}} \\
   = \,117.5 \times {10^{ - 6}} \\
 \]
Now, we will have to calculate the molar mass of \[Ca{\left( {N{O_3}} \right)_2}\]
Molar mass of \[Ca{\left( {N{O_3}} \right)_2}\]=\[40 + 28 + 96 = 164\,{\text{grams}}\]
Now, we will calculate the mass of \[Ca{\left( {N{O_3}} \right)_2}\]
\[
  164\,{\text{g}}\,{\text{of}}\,{\text{Ca}}{\left( {{\text{N}}{{\text{O}}_{\text{3}}}} \right)_{\text{2}}} = 40\,{\text{g}}\,{\text{of}}\,{\text{Ca}} \\
   = \,117.5 \times {10^{ - 6}} \times 164\,{\text{g}}\,{\text{of}}\,{\text{Ca}}{\left( {{\text{N}}{{\text{O}}_{\text{3}}}} \right)_{\text{2}}} \\
   = \,481.75\,{\text{g}} \\
   = 481.75 \times {10^{ - 3}}\,{\text{mg}} \\
   = \,0.48\, \\
 \]
Therefore, out of the given four options, (D) is the correct option. A, B and C are incorrect options.

Additional information:
Calcium nitrate is colourless in nature. This compound absorbs or takes up moisture from the surrounding air and so it is found in the form of tetrahydrate. It is one of the most important components present in the fertilizers.
We can produce calcium nitrate by various chemical methods. Some methods of the preparation of calcium nitrate are given below.
\[{\text{Ca}}{\left( {{\text{N}}{{\text{O}}_{\text{3}}}} \right)_{\text{2}}} + {\text{2HN}}{{\text{O}}_{\text{3}}} \to {\text{Ca}}{\left( {{\text{N}}{{\text{O}}_{\text{3}}}} \right)_{\text{2}}} + {\text{C}}{{\text{O}}_{\text{2}}} + {{\text{H}}_{\text{2}}}{\text{O}}\]
Here, calcium nitrate is prepared from the reaction of lime-stone with that of nitric acid, It is followed by neutralization.
Another method of its preparation is by the Odda process. The reaction of this preparation is given as follows.
\[{\text{C}}{{\text{a}}_{\text{3}}}{\left( {{\text{P}}{{\text{O}}_{\text{4}}}} \right)_{\text{2}}} + 6{\text{HN}}{{\text{O}}_{\text{3}}} + 1{\text{2}}{{\text{H}}_{\text{2}}}{\text{O}} \to 2{{\text{H}}_{\text{3}}}{\text{P}}{{\text{O}}_{\text{4}}} + 3{\text{Ca}}{\left( {{\text{N}}{{\text{O}}_{\text{3}}}} \right)_{\text{2}}} + 12{{\text{H}}_{\text{2}}}{\text{O}}\]

Note:Calcium nitrate has the chemical formula \[{\text{Ca}}{\left( {{\text{N}}{{\text{O}}_{\text{3}}}} \right)_{\text{2}}}\]. This compound is also called Norges Saltpeter. The structure of this compound is written as follows.
                                    
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