Botanical name of 'red chili' is
A. Capsicum frutescens
B. Capsicum annuum
C. Physalis
D. Withania

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Hint:A botanical name is a formal scientific name that conforms to the International Code of Nomenclature for Algae, Fungi and Plants (ICN) and must comply with the International Code of Nomenclature for Cultivated Plants if an additional cultivar or group epithet is concerned (ICNCP)

Complete answer:The International Code of Botanical Nomenclature (ICBN) is a collection of rules and guidelines that address the formal names of plants in the field of botany. Its aim is that each taxonomic group of plants ("taxon", plural "taxa") has only one correct name that is accepted globally.
To avoid misunderstanding, we use scientific plant names (or "botanical plant names") since they are a foreign language of sorts. That does not mean that they never contradict themselves; botanists often decide that the current taxonomy of plants is "wrong" and change the name.
In terms of family, genus, and species, botanical classification or taxonomy helps to categorize plants and has been the basic concept of plant identification.
Red chili belongs to the Solanaceae family and Capsicum annuum is its scientific name. It is used as a spice in curries and in other preparations. Capsicum frutescens is the botanical name of Shimla Mirch, and the husk cherry genus is Physalis, and the winter cherry genus is Withania.

Thus, choice B- Capsicum annuum is the correct answer.

Note: As the genus and species scheme of naming plants created by the famous Swedish botanist, Carolus Linnaeus, plants have Latin names. Latin (botanical) names are needed, as common names for plants vary from region to region and even from city to city. One plant can live under many common names that are different.