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Botanical name of Henbane is
a. Hyoscyanus niger
b. Physalis peruviana
c. Cestrum diurnum
d. Withania somnifera

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Last updated date: 20th Jun 2024
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Answer
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Hint: The world is a vast area of diversified flora and fauna which needs to be identified. We humans have a name and surname which represents our identity. The naming system was the binomial nomenclature composed of two parts of the genus and species name which has been implied for easier classification and study of the organisms.

Complete answer:
> Hyoscyanus niger is the botanical name of Henbanes. It belongs to the Solanaceae family and it has eleven species which are toxic. It is the source of hyoscyamine which is a drug.

> Physalis peruviana is the botanical name of cape gooseberry plant. It is also a member of the solanaceae family which has its origin in Peru. It is rich in beta carotene, iron, vitamin C and it has medicinal use.

> Cestrum diurnum is the botanical name of Jasmines also known as day blooming Jasmine. It is found in the West Indies. It is a shrub which is evergreen. It is found in abundance and it has got simple leaves. It is rich in vitamin D3.

> Withania somnifera is the botanical name of Ashwagandha. It is a part of the Solanaceae family. It has a wide medicinal use and it relieves body stress and it is very beneficial for our body and brain. It helps in lowering blood sugar and fights against depression and anxiety.

Hence, The correct answer is option (A).

Note: Henbane is abundantly found in Jerusalem. It too has certain medicinal use such as to treat toothache, respiratory distress(asthma), nervous diseases. It is a poisonous plant yet also used in treating scar tissue.
These species are rich in tropane alkaloids.