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Assertion: Alcohols have similar chemical properties.
Reason: All alcohols contain similar hydroxy \[\left( { - OH} \right)\] functional groups.
A) Both Assertion and Reason are true and Reason is the correct explanation of Assertion.
B) Both Assertion and Reason are true but Reason is not the correct explanation of Assertion.
C) Assertion is true but Reason is false
D) Both Assertion and Reason are false

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Last updated date: 23rd Jun 2024
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Answer
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Hint:The chemical properties of any compound depend on its functional group. We know that the functional group for alcohol is the hydroxyl group. Molecules having similar functional groups mostly show the same reactions.

Complete step by step answer:
The alcohol is the organic compound having hydroxy \[\left( { - OH} \right)\] as the functional group attached to the single-bonded alkanes.
So we can say that all alcohols contain hydroxy as the functional group.
Hence, the reason statement is correct
All types of alcohol have similar properties due to the presence of a similar functional group.
So, all alcohols have similar chemical properties.
Hence, the assertion statement is correct.

Therefore, we can conclude that the correct answer to this question is option A.

Additional information:
The most common type of alcohol is ethyl alcohol which is used in alcoholic beverages.
Let us see the molecular representation of ethyl alcohol:
\[C{H_3} - C{H_2} - OH\]
We must know that reactions with alcohol fall into two different parts one is a reaction by the cleavage of the R-O bond or by the cleavage of the O-H bond.
We know the few methods for synthesizing alcohols:
-The hydroboration-oxidation of alkenes
-The oxymercuration-reduction of alkenes.
- And there are many other ways of synthesizing alcohol as well.
-The most common source for producing alcohols is carbonyl compounds.
-We know the choice of carbonyl compounds such as ketone, aldehyde, ester. And the type of reaction such as Grignard addition or Reduction reaction will determine the product you will obtain.

Note:
Here we must focus that the statement under reason explains the statement under assertion. We know that chemical properties of the compound mostly depend upon the functional group of that compound.