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What are the dual objectives of the federal system?
A) To promote unity of the country and to accommodate regional diversity
B) To disturb powers and funds to the central govt
C) To provide facilities and job to the citizens of country
D) To ensure that the power would be transferred from the state to the central government

Last updated date: 17th Jun 2024
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Hint: Federalism is a political structure in which power is distributed between a central authority and separate powers.

Complete answer:
A federation usually has two tiers of government. The government is one of them. It is generally responsible for a few subjects of shared national interest for the whole country. The rest are Governments at the level of provinces or states that take care of much of the day-to-day administration of their situation.

The federal system has dual objectives:
To safeguard and promote unity of the country, while at the same time accommodate regional diversity. Therefore, two aspects are crucial for the institutions and practice of federalism. Governments at different levels should agree to some rules of power sharing. They should also trust that each would abide by its part of the agreement. Good federal system has both aspects: mutual trust and agreement to live together.

Different tiers of government govern the same citizens, but each tier has its authority in Specific laws, taxes, and administration matters. In the constitution, the jurisdictions of the respective tiers or levels of government are specified. Thus, the existence and authority of each tier of government are constitutionally guaranteed. The fundamental provisions of the constitution cannot be altered by one level of government.

Thus the correct answer is option (A) To promote unity of the country and to accommodate regional diversity.

Note: Courts have the authority to interpret the constitution and the powers of various levels of government. The highest court serves as an umpire whenever there are differences between various levels of government in the practice of Their respective powers.