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How are solar flares related to sunspots?

Last updated date: 13th Jun 2024
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Hint: The Sun is a star situated at the centre of the Solar System in the universe. It is a near perfect sphere made of hot plasma, heated by nuclear fusion reactions at its innermost layer to a very high temperature. The source of solar flares, which can cause high-frequency radio blackouts and interrupt communications on Earth, is often sunspots.

Complete answer:
Solar flares emit x-rays and magnetic fields which, as geomagnetic storms, bombard the Earth. If sunspots are active, a rise in Earth's geomagnetic storm activity will result in more solar flares. Full answer: The Sun is mostly made of hydrogen in the form of plasma with smaller proportions of helium. With a temperature of around 27 million C, the central core of the Sun is plasma. Hydrogen blends at such a high temperature, through nuclear fusion to form helium, which is a process that releases vast amounts of energy. The energy produced at the core travels through the radiative zone very slowly. Hot material rising from near the radiative zone in the convective zone, the outermost layer of the sun, cools on the surface of the sun. In this layer, solar flares and sunspots are created. There are various types of interruptions occurring in the magnetic energy of the Sun. It creates solar flares if a loop of the magnetic field of the sun snaps and breaks. The cooler, darker regions on the surface of the Sun are sunspots. Through the magnetic field, these sunspots break and interrupt the smooth heat transfer from the lower layers of the Sun.

For every living organism on earth, the Sun forms the principal source of energy. To every living creature, the heat and energy given out by the sun is of immense importance. It is one of the main components of plant-processed food.