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How are protons, neutrons and electrons similar?

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Last updated date: 27th Feb 2024
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Hint: The atom is composed of protons, neutrons and electrons. The proton is the positive charge species, the neutron is the neutral charge species and the electron is the negative charge species.

Complete step by step answer:
As we know that the atom is the simplest unit which combines to form the chemical compound. The atom is composed of protons, neutrons and electrons. The three particles are responsible for the mass and charge of the atom. In the structure of atom, two regions are there, one is the nucleus which is the center of the atom which contains proton and neutron and the outer region of the atom which holds the electrons in an orbit.
The protons are the positive charge species, the neutrons are neutral charge species and the electrons are negative charge species. The number of protons present in the chemical element is the same as the number of electrons but with opposite charge. The protons and neutrons have approximately the same mass around $1.67 \times {10^{ - 24}}$ grams.
The number of protons, neutrons and electrons are determined by the atomic number and the mass number of the chemical element. The atomic number is the number of protons in the chemical element and the mass number is the sum of the number of protons and the number of neutrons.
The protons, neutrons and electrons are similar as they all are the fundamental particles of the matter.

Note:
The properties of electrons, protons and neutrons are different and have various applications. The electrons are used in radiation therapy. Protons are used to destroy the cancerous cell.
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