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What are lines of latitude and longitude. And mention two characteristics of lines of latitude?

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Last updated date: 22nd Jul 2024
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Answer
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Hint: "Longitudes" and "Latitudes" are the most popular systems for locating points on the planet. Longitude and latitude are both angles determined with the earth's center as the starting point. A longitude is an angle measured to the east from the prime meridian (longitudes to the west are negative). The angle between the equator and the latitude is measured in degrees (latitudes to the south are negative).

Complete answer:
Latitude: The angle created by a line from the earth's center to the equator at the point on the equator closest to the point of interest and another line from the earth's center to the parallel that passes through the point of interest is known as latitude.

Longitude: The longitude is the angle created by a line passing through the earth's center and the equator, where the longitude=0, and another line passing through the earth's center and a line passing through the equator and the meridian passing through the point of interest, where the longitude=0.

Following the description of the characteristics of lines of latitude comes the following:
- Apart from the Equator, there are 180 parallels of latitude. Each latitude parallel is a circle. Latitude lines are parallel to the equator.
- With respect to the equator, the lines of latitude are drawn at an angular rate. The Equator is the only Great Circle; all other latitudes are Small Circles. There is often an equivalent difference between two latitudes.

Note:
- Latitude and longitude are a coordinate system that can be used to calculate and define the position or location of any point on the Earth's surface.
- As a result, a point at 30°15′20′′ N subtends a 30°15′20′′ angle at the globe's center in latitude. longitude is calculated 180° east and west of the prime meridian. Meridians are plotted and drawn on a globe or map to help identify longitudinal positions.