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Anxiety and eating spicy food together in an otherwise normal human, may lead to
A. indigestion
B. jaundice
C. diarrhea
D. vomiting

Last updated date: 16th Jun 2024
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Hint: Digestive disorders are the disruption in the normal functioning in one or more parts of the digestive system. The various other digestive disorders in man are hare lip, dental caries, peptic ulcers, gastritis, appendicitis, piles, jaundice, cholecystitis, pancreatitis, etc.

Complete answer: Indigestion is a disorder of the small intestine and is characterized by improper digestion of food. It may be due to decreased secretion of digestive enzymes or food poisoning or overeating or anxiety or intake of spicy food.
Diarrhoea is a disorder of the large intestine. It is characterized by loose and frequent passage of stools that generally leads to dehydration. It reduces the absorption of food. It may be caused by certain bacterial infection of intestine, example, E. coli, Salmonella, etc. or protozoans like Entamoeba histolytica, Giardia, Trichomonas, Balantidium coli, etc. or faster bowel movements.
Jaundice is characterized by yellowing of skin and eyes due to increased deposition of bile pigments, especially bilirubin in blood.
Vomiting is the ejection of stomach contents from the mouth. This reflex is controlled by the vomit center in the medulla. A feeling of nausea precedes vomiting.
These disorders can be avoided only when all the digestive organs are functioning properly and digestive juices and hormones are secreted properly. Hormones which regulate digestive juice secretion are gastrin, secretin and pancreozymin, cholecystokinin and enterocrinin.
So, the correct answer is “Option A”.

Besides these disorders, the malnutrition or undernutrition also disrupt normal body functions and cause disorders like kwashiorkor and Marasmus. Nutrition involves the activities like ingestion, digestion, absorption, assimilation and egestion. So for proper nutrition, all these processes must regulate properly.