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Amount of bilirubin in icterus/ jaundice would be
A. 20ml/L
B. 0.2mg/L
C. 1.2mg/L
D. 12mg/L

Last updated date: 20th Jun 2024
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Hint: Bilirubin is the biological component that is found in the blood. It is yellow with a molecular mass of 584.66g/mol. It is synthesized from the breakdown of the red blood cell. The normal range of total bilirubin found in the blood is 0.1-1.2mg/dL. The level of bilirubin can be increased by some diseases like jaundice, infection, etc.

Complete answer: Jaundice is a condition of the body where skin color turns in yellow. This yellow color appears due to the high amount of bilirubin present in the blood. Sometimes the very high concentration of bilirubin leads to brown color.
Jaundice is the result of the improper function of the liver. The liver is responsible for filtering the waste product of the blood. Within the liver cell, bilirubin forms a compound called conjugated bilirubin by attaching with the other chemicals. Bile is produced by the liver cell. It is a digestive juice. Bilirubin mixed with the bile and excreted from the body in the form of stool. The presence of bilirubin in the faces makes its brown color.
When the body contents a high amount of bilirubin in the liver, it leaks from the liver cell and enters into the surrounding cells and the tissue. This condition leads to the appearance of the yellow skin color. The condition is called hyperbilirubinemia.
So, the correct answer is “Option D.

Note: Jaundice can be caused by several dysfunctions of the body which include, acute liver inflammation, hemolytic anemia, bile duct inflammation and obstruction, Gilbert's syndrome, etc. Jaundice is a treatable disease. It can be treated by specific medication, a high iron-rich diet or supplement, etc.