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Among the Following, Which One Acts as a Food Preservative?
    A. Aspartame
    B. Aspirin
    C. Sodium Benzoate
    D. Paracetamol

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Last updated date: 20th Jun 2024
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Answer
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Hint: Food preservative stops the growth of microorganisms, or different microorganisms, and decelerates the oxidation of fats that cause rancidity. Food preservation can include processes that inhibit visible corrosion, consisting of the enzymatic browning response in apples after they can be reduced all through food preparation.

Complete step by step solution:
Food preservative, to some extent a number of methods through which meals are protected from spoilage after harvest or slaughter. Such observes date to prehistoric times. Among the oldest techniques are the preservation of drying, refrigeration, and fermentation. Modern techniques include such as canning, pasteurization, freezing, irradiation, and in the addition of chemical compounds. Developments in packaging substances have played an important function in cutting-edge food upkeep.

Sodium benzoate is a substance which has the chemical formula ${C_6}{H_5}COONa$. It is largely used as food preservative.

So, the correct answer is C.

Additional information:
Food spoilage may be defined as any exchange that reduces food unfit for human consumption. These changes can be caused by different factors such as together with contamination by using microorganisms, infestation by insects, or degradation through endogenous enzymes (the ones present within the food). In accumulation, physical and chemical changes, which includes the tearing of plant or animal tissues or the oxidation of sure elements of meals, could also be promoted as meals spoilage.

Note:
Foods received from plant or animal sources begin to spoil rapidly after harvest or slaughter. The enzymes contained within the cells of plant and animal tissues may be on the loose as a result of any mechanical harm inflicted for the duration of postharvest coping. These enzymes begin to break down the cellular fabric.