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Ambulacral grooves are absent in the living forms of the class

Last updated date: 16th Jun 2024
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Hint: organisms belong to this class have pentaradial body symmetry. The excretory system is replaced by a water vascular system in the organism of this class.

Complete answer:
Ambulacral grooves are absent in the living forms of the class Ophiuroidea. These are replaced by ossicles in the animals belonging to the class Ophiuroidea. Ambulacral grooves extend from the mouth to the end of each ray or arm of the animal. In each ambulacral groove of every arm, four rows of hollow tube fees that can be extended or withdrawn are present. The ambulacral groove is found in the phylum Echinodermata or class Asteroidea, Edrioasteroidea, and Crinoidea.

Additional Information: -The ambulacral groove has many cilia and hydraulically driven tube feet to manipulate captured food down the groove. Through the groove, the food is brought down to the mouth via arms. The mouth is situated at the tegmen which is positioned at the base of the arms.
-The Ophiuroidea possesses a skeleton of calcite made up of calcium carbonate. An internal skeleton of calcium carbonate plates known as vertebral ossicles supports the animal body.
-These vertebrae are controlled by muscles and are connected through the ball in the socket.
-Ossicles are found in various forms and also in different arrangements in sea urchins, starfish, brittle stars, sea cucumbers, and crinoids.
So, the correct answer is ‘Ophiuroidea’

Note: -In Echinodermata, the larval forms show bilateral symmetry whereas the adult forms show radial symmetry.
-They are triploblastic animals having true coelom.
-Ossicles are found embedded in the dermis of the body wall of echinoderms. They provide rigidity and protection to the animal and also form part of the endoskeleton.

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