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Adrenal cortex secretes androgen, it is known as
A. Testosterone
B. Androsterone
C. Progesterone
D. Aldosterone

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Last updated date: 23rd Feb 2024
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IVSAT 2024
Answer
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Hint: Androstenedione is a forerunner of testosterone and different androgens, just as of estrogens like estrone, in the body. Androstenedione has been found to have some estrogenic movement, also to other DHEA metabolites.

Complete answer:
Arranged along the border of the adrenal organ, the adrenal cortex intervenes the pressure reaction through the creation of mineralocorticoids and glucocorticoids, for example, aldosterone and cortisol, separately. The adrenal cortex involves three principle zones, or layers:
-Zona glomerulosa-The peripheral layer, the zona glomerulosa is the fundamental site for the creation of aldosterone, a mineralocorticoid. The zona glomerulosa cells express a particular compound aldosterone synthase.
-Zona fasciculata-Situated between the glomerulosa and reticularis, the cells of the zona fasciculata integrate and discharge glucocorticoids. The significant hormone that animates cortisol discharge in people is the ACTH that is delivered from the foremost pituitary.
-Zona reticularis-The inward most cortical layer, the zona reticularis produces androgens, principally dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA), DHEA sulfate (DHEA-S), and androstenedione (the forerunner to testosterone) in people.
An androgen is any regular or engineered steroid hormone that directs the turn of events and upkeep of male qualities in vertebrates by authoritative to androgen receptors.This incorporates the embryological advancement of the essential male sex organs, and the improvement of male optional sex attributes at pubescence. Androgens are integrated in the testicles, the ovaries, and the adrenal organs.
Androstenedione or Androsterone is an endogenous frail androgen steroid hormone and middle of the road in the biosynthesis of estrone and of testosterone from dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA). It is firmly identified with androstenediol.
So, the correct answer is “Option B”.

Note:
Androsterone is a feeble androgen delivered by the digestion of specific hormones and found in the ordinary pee of the two guys and females. Androsterone is a steroid hormone with a frail androgenic action that is incorporated from the adrenal hormone dehydroepiandrosterone by the catalyst steroid 5-reductase.