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Acid rain will not effect
(A) Lithosphere
(B) Plant
(C) Ozone layer
(D) Animals

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Last updated date: 20th Jun 2024
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Answer
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Hint: Acid rain, or acid deposition, is a vast term that comprises any form of precipitation with acidic elements, such as sulfuric or nitric acid that spill to the ground from the sky in wet or dry forms. This can contain rain, snow, fog, hail, or even dust that is acidic in pH.

Complete Answer:
Let us find the correct answer:
Option (A) Lithosphere: When fossil fuels burn they generate gases such as sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides which counter with water vapors in the atmosphere and build acids. The acid can combine with rainwater and come down or depositions as acid rain resulting in destruction to the lithosphere and life on the earth

Option (B) Plant: Acid rain leaches aluminum from the soil. That aluminum may be dangerous to plants as well as animals. Acid rain also eliminates minerals and nutrients from the soil that trees require to grow. The trees are then limited in their ability to consume sunlight, which brings them weak and less able to overcome freezing temperatures.

Option (C) Ozone layer: Acid rain has no immediate impact on the ozone layer. Acid rain is rain which has barely low pH and has acidic adulterations of nitric acid and sulphuric acid resulted in by the atmospheric oxides of nitrogen and sulfur. There is a minor mixing of ozone with the troposphere which happens by downwind. The contaminants that prompt acid rain do not render it into the ozone layer in any considerable proportion. The clouds seem in the troposphere and condensation occurs from there causing rain. So, acid rain doesn't affect the ozone layer in the stratosphere.

Option (D) Animals: The ecological outcomes of acid rain are most fully recognized in aquatic environments, such as streams, lakes, and marshes where it can be fatal to fish and different wildlife. Some acidic lakes have no fish. Even if a variety of fish or animals can withstand fairly acidic water, the animals or plants it eats might not.

Thus, the correct answer is option C.

Note: Acid rain results in a chemical reaction that proceeds when compounds like sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides are discharged into the air. These entities can rise very high into the atmosphere, where they combine and respond with water, oxygen, and other chemicals to establish more acidic pollutants, known as acid rain.