Question
Answers

A motorboat whose speed in still water is $18km/hr$, takes $1$ an hour more to go $24km$upstream than to return downstream to the spot. Find the speed of the stream.

Answer
VerifiedVerified
150.9k+ views
Hint: Speed of downstream is always greater than the speed of the upstream.
Given that,
Distance covered in upstream and in downstream is $ = 24km$
Speed of the boat in still water $ = 18km/hr$
Let the speed of the stream $ = xkm/hr$
Now,
Speed of the boat in upstream $ = $ speed of the boa in still water $ - $ speed of the stream
                                                       $
   = 18km/hr - x km/hr \\
   = (18 - x)km/hr \\
$
Speed of the boat in downstream $ = $ speed of the boat in still water $ + $ speed of the stream
                                                             $
   = 18km/hr + x km/hr \\
   = \left( {18 + x} \right)km/hr \\
$
We know that,
Time taken for the upstream $ = $ Time taken to cover downstream \[ + 1\]$
  \dfrac{{{\text{Distance of upstream}}}}{{{\text{Speed of upstream}}}} = \dfrac{{{\text{Distance of downstream}}}}{{{\text{Speed of downstream}}}} + 1 \\
    \\
  \dfrac{{24}}{{18 - x}} = \dfrac{{24}}{{18 + x}} + 1 \\
    \\
  24\left( {18 + x} \right) = 24\left( {18 - x} \right) + \left( {18 - x} \right)\left( {18 + x} \right) \\
    \\
  432 + 24x = 432 - 24x + 324 - {x^2} \\
    \\
  24x + 24x = 324 - {x^2} \\
    \\
  {x^2} + 48x - 324 = 0 \\
$
By solving the quadratic equation, we get
$
  {x^2} + 48x - 324 = 0 \\
  {x^2} + 54x - 6x - 324 = 0 \\
  \left( {x + 54} \right)\left( {x - 6} \right) = 0 \\
$
Thus, we have two values of $x$ i.e. $x = 6, - 54$
Therefore, the speed of the stream is $6km/hr$.
Note: In this type of problem the value of the speed of the stream cannot be negative. Hence, we neglect $x = - 54$.