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**Hint:**Take the coordinate of focal chord A and B as $\left( a{{t}^{2}},2at \right)$ parametric form. Find the length of focal chord AB. Take slope as equal to t and thus substitute and prove $4a{{\cos }^{2}}\alpha $. Put $\alpha ={{60}^{\circ }}$ and get the value of a, to get the value of $\dfrac{32}{3}$.

**Complete step by step answer:**

We have been given the equation of parabola as \[{{y}^{2}}=8x\] .

The length of the focal chord, ${{t}_{1}}{{t}_{2}}=-1$ i.e. ${{t}_{2}}=\dfrac{-1}{{{t}_{1}}}$ ,

Hence, if A and B are the coordinate of the point on the parabola then. We can take their coordinate as,

$A\left( at_{1}^{2},2a{{t}_{1}} \right)$ and $B\left( at_{2}^{2},2a{{t}_{2}} \right)$ .

But we found out that ${{t}_{2}}=\dfrac{-1}{{{t}_{1}}}$ .

$\therefore $ coordinate of B changes to, \[B\equiv \left( a{{\left( \dfrac{-1}{{{t}_{1}}} \right)}^{2}},2a\left( \dfrac{-1}{{{t}_{1}}} \right) \right)\equiv \left( \dfrac{a}{t_{1}^{2}},\dfrac{-2a}{{{t}_{1}}} \right)\].

Let’s assume ${{t}_{1}}=\dfrac{-1}{{{t}_{2}}}=t$.

Thus, we can write the coordinate as \[A\left( a{{t}^{2}},2at \right)\] and $B\left( \dfrac{a}{{{t}^{2}}},\dfrac{-2a}{t} \right)$ .

So, here $\left( {{x}_{1}},{{y}_{1}} \right)=\left( \dfrac{a}{{{t}^{2}}},\dfrac{-2a}{t} \right)$, $\left( {{x}_{2}},{{y}_{2}} \right)=\left( a{{t}^{2}},2at \right)$.

The focus of the parabola is given as $\left( a.0 \right)$ .

Now, let us find the length of AB by using the distance formula,

i.e. distance $AB=\sqrt{{{\left( {{x}_{2}}-{{x}_{1}} \right)}^{2}}+{{\left( {{y}_{2}}-{{y}_{1}} \right)}^{2}}}=\sqrt{{{\left( a{{t}^{2}}-\dfrac{a}{{{t}^{2}}} \right)}^{2}}+{{\left( 2at+\dfrac{2a}{t} \right)}^{2}}}$

\[\begin{align}

& =\sqrt{{{a}^{2}}{{\left( {{t}^{2}}-\dfrac{1}{{{t}^{2}}} \right)}^{2}}+{{\left( 2a \right)}^{2}}{{\left( t+\dfrac{1}{t} \right)}^{2}}} \\

& \Rightarrow \sqrt{{{a}^{2}}{{\left( t-\dfrac{1}{t} \right)}^{2}}{{\left( t+\dfrac{1}{t} \right)}^{2}}+4{{a}^{2}}{{\left( t+\dfrac{1}{t} \right)}^{2}}} \\

\end{align}\]

We know that ${{a}^{2}}-{{b}^{2}}=\left( a+b \right)\left( a-b \right)$. Similarly, ${{\left( {{t}^{2}}-\dfrac{1}{{{t}^{2}}} \right)}^{2}}={{\left( t-\dfrac{1}{t} \right)}^{2}}{{\left( t+\dfrac{1}{t} \right)}^{2}}$

$\Rightarrow \left| \overline{AB} \right|=\sqrt{{{a}^{2}}{{\left( t+\dfrac{1}{t} \right)}^{2}}\left\{ {{\left( t-\dfrac{1}{t} \right)}^{2}}+4 \right\}}$ [taking ${{a}^{2}}{{\left( t+\dfrac{1}{t} \right)}^{2}}$common both the terms].

$=\sqrt{{{a}^{2}}{{\left( t+\dfrac{1}{t} \right)}^{2}}\left( {{t}^{2}}+\dfrac{1}{{{t}^{2}}}+2 \right)}=\sqrt{{{a}^{2}}{{\left( t+\dfrac{1}{t} \right)}^{4}}}$ [we know ${{a}^{2}}+{{b}^{2}}+2ab={{\left( a+b \right)}^{2}}$]

Hence it become, $AB=a{{\left( t+\dfrac{1}{t} \right)}^{2}}$ ……………… (1)

Now, m = slope of line AB $=\dfrac{{{y}_{2}}-{{y}_{1}}}{{{x}_{2}}-{{x}_{1}}}=\dfrac{2at+\dfrac{2a}{t}}{a{{t}^{2}}-\dfrac{a}{{{t}^{2}}}}=\dfrac{2a\left( t+\dfrac{1}{t} \right)}{a\left( {{t}^{2}}-\dfrac{1}{{{t}^{2}}} \right)}=\dfrac{2\left( t+\dfrac{1}{t} \right)}{\left( t+\dfrac{1}{t} \right)\left( t-\dfrac{1}{t} \right)}=\dfrac{2}{t-\dfrac{1}{t}}$ .

So,

$\begin{align}

& m=\dfrac{2}{t-\dfrac{1}{t}} \\

& \Rightarrow \tan \alpha =m=\dfrac{2}{t-\dfrac{1}{t}} \\

& \Rightarrow t-\dfrac{1}{t}=\dfrac{2}{\tan \alpha }=2\cot \alpha \\

\end{align}$

We know that $\cot \theta =\dfrac{1}{\tan \theta }$ , by basic trigonometric identity.

Similarly

$\begin{align}

& {{\left( t+\dfrac{1}{t} \right)}^{2}}={{\left( t-\dfrac{1}{t} \right)}^{2}}+4 \\

& \Rightarrow {{\left( t+\dfrac{1}{t} \right)}^{2}}={{\left( 2\cot \alpha \right)}^{2}}+4=4{{\cot }^{2}}\alpha +4=4\left( {{\cot }^{2}}\alpha -1 \right) \\

\end{align}$

We know that ${{\cot }^{2}}\alpha -1=\cos e{{c}^{2}}\alpha $ .

$\therefore {{\left( t+\dfrac{1}{t} \right)}^{2}}=4\left[ {{\cot }^{2}}\alpha -1 \right]=4\cos e{{c}^{2}}\alpha $

We got the length of focal chord $AB=a{{\left( t+\dfrac{1}{t} \right)}^{2}}=4a\cos e{{c}^{2}}\alpha $

The equation of parabola given is \[{{y}^{2}}=8x\]. Now let us compare it with the general equation of the parabola is ${{y}^{2}}=4ax$ .

Hence, we get latus rectum $4a=8\Rightarrow a=2$ and $\alpha ={{60}^{\circ }}$

Thus, length focal chord $=4a\cos e{{c}^{2}}\alpha =4\times 2\cos e{{c}^{2}}{{60}^{\circ }}=8\cos e{{c}^{2}}{{60}^{\circ }}$

From trigonometric table we know that $\sin {{60}^{\circ }}=\dfrac{\sqrt{3}}{2}$

$\therefore \cos ec{{60}^{\circ }}=\dfrac{1}{\sin {{60}^{\circ }}}=\dfrac{2}{\sqrt{3}}$

$\therefore $ Length of focal chord $8\cos e{{c}^{2}}{{60}^{\circ }}=8\times {{\left( \dfrac{2}{\sqrt{3}} \right)}^{2}}=\dfrac{8\times 4}{3}=\dfrac{32}{3}$ .

**Hence, it’s proved that both statement 1 and statement 2 are correct and R is the perfect reason for A.**

**Note:**The angle inclination of a line is the angle formed by the intersection of the line and the x-axis, using a horizontal “run” of 1 and m for slope, The angle of inclination $\alpha ={{\tan }^{-1}}m$ or $m=\tan \alpha $. Thus, the reason why we took $\tan \alpha =slope$.

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