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A gas when passes through ${{K}_{2}}C{{r}_{2}}{{O}_{7}}$ and dil. ${{H}_{2}}S{{O}_{4}}$ solution turns it green, the gas is:
A.$C{{O}_{2}}$
B.$N{{H}_{3}}$
C.$S{{O}_{2}}$
D.$C{{l}_{2}}$


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Last updated date: 20th Jun 2024
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Answer
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Hint: Potassium dichromate has an excellent property of oxidising other compounds. Chromium is present in the+4 oxidation state, where it itself gets reduced and the oxidation state changes to +3.

Complete answer:
In order to answer our question, we need to learn about potassium dichromate. The compound is prepared from chromite ore $(FeO.C{{r}_{2}}{{O}_{3}})$. Sodium dichromate is filtered and then treated with dil. ${{H}_{2}}S{{O}_{4}}$. Being less soluble, sodium sulphate separates out. Then hot concentrated solution is cooled when red crystals of sodium dichromate separates out on standing and then a hot concentrated solution of sodium dichromate is treated with potassium chloride to get potassium dichromate.
\[N{{a}_{2}}C{{r}_{2}}{{O}_{7}}+2KCl\to {{K}_{2}}C{{r}_{2}}{{O}_{7}}+2NaCl\]
The properties of potassium dichromate are:
i. It is an orange crystalline solid with melting point 670 K.
ii. It is appreciably soluble in hot water but moderately soluble in cold water.
iii. On heating K, Cr,o, decomposes to give potassium chromate and chromic oxide.
\[4{{K}_{2}}C{{r}_{2}}{{O}_{7}}+\Delta \to 4{{K}_{2}}C{{r}_{2}}{{O}_{4}}+2C{{r}_{2}}{{O}_{3}}+3{{O}_{2}}\]
iv. Potassium dichromate acts as a strong oxidising agent in acidic medium.
v. When a mixture of metal chloride is heated with potassium dichromate and concentrated sulphuric acid, the orange red fumes of chromyl chloride are formed.
\[{{K}_{2}}C{{r}_{2}}{{O}_{7}}+4NaCl+6{{H}_{2}}S{{O}_{4}}\to 2KHS{{O}_{4}}+4NaHS{{O}_{4}}+2Cr{{O}_{2}}C{{l}_{2}}+3{{H}_{2}}O\]
The structure of potassium dichromate is:
seo images

Now, let us come to our question. In the compound, chromium is present in the +4 oxidation state. However, when sulphur dioxide gas is passed through it, then the oxidation state of chromium changes to +3 and the colour of the solution changes to green. The reaction is represented as:
\[{{K}_{2}}C{{r}_{2}}{{O}_{7}}+2{{H}_{2}}S{{O}_{4}}+3S{{O}_{2}}\to 2C{{r}_{2}}{{(S{{O}_{4}})}_{3}}+{{K}_{2}}S{{O}_{4}}+{{H}_{2}}O\]

So, we get the correct answer as option C.

NOTE: The uses of potassium dichromate are:
i.For the volumetric estimation of ferrous salts, halides and sulphides.
ii. For the preparation of other chromium compounds such as chrome alum chrome yellow etc
iii. Used in chrome tanning in leather industry
iv. Used as an oxidising agent.