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A family belongs to inferae of gamopetalae-
a. Fabaceae
b. Liliaceae
c. Asteraceae
d. Brassicaceae

Last updated date: 18th Jun 2024
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Hint: Mostly herbaceous plants are members of this family, but some shrubs, climbers and trees (such as Lachanodes arborea) do exist. They are usually clearly recognizable from other plants mainly because of their distinctive inflorescence and other shared characteristics.

Complete answer:
> Option A is incorrect. Members of Fabaceae are annual or perennial herbs. shrubs, vines, or tree, Cylindrical, tendril climbers, stipules may be modified into leaves or thrones; parallel venation, monocarpellary: ovary superior, placentation marginal, racemose flowers are clustered in heads. This family is subdivided into Papilionaceace, Caesalpiniaceace, Alimosaceace. Sweet pea, Tamarind and Touch me not are common examples of family Fabaceae.

> Option B is incorrect. Liliaceae is the family perennial, herbaceous monocots. It's called the 'lily family' as well. In general, they have fibrous root systems, herbs that propagate by bulbs or rhizomes, alternate, simple, exstipulate, parallel venation, umbellate clusters, Syncarpous, tricarpellary, trilocular, superior ovary with axile placentation. Aloe vera, colchicine, tulips, and asparagus are some common examples of the Liliaceae family.

> Option C is correct. Gamopetalae implies united petals. Inferae means ovary is inferior and the number of corolla lobes is equal to the stamens. These traits are found in the family Asteraceae. The Asteraceae family belongs to the subclass-Gamopetalae and series inferae (the ovary is lower and usually equals the lobes of the petals).

> Option D is incorrect. Brassicaceae family of flowering plants widely known as mustards, crucifers, or the family of cabbages, is medium-sized and economically significant. Most are herbaceous plants, some shrubs, with simple, although sometimes deeply incised, alternatingly set leaves without stipules or in leaf rosettes, with terminal inflorescences without bracts, flowers perfect, cruciform, simple or compound (pinnate) leaves, alternate, without stipulates. The family provides mustard, cabbage, broccoli, cauliflower, turnips, and is very important economically.

Hence, The correct answer is option (C).

Note: The family is usually referred to as the family Sunflower. It is the most extensive dicotyledon family. They are distributed worldwide and abundant in tropics, in cold arctic or alpine regions.