Answer

Verified

404.4k+ views

**Hint:**Use the relation between the acceleration due gravity, universal gravitational constant, mass of the planet and radius of the planet. Calculate the value of acceleration due to gravity on the surface of the planet and then the weight of the body on the planet.

**Formulae used:**

The weight of the body is given by

\[W = mg\] …… (1)

Here, \[W\] is the weight of the body, \[m\] is the mass of the body and \[g\] is the acceleration due to gravity.

The relation between the acceleration due to gravity \[g\], universal gravitational constant \[G\], mass of the planet \[M\] and radius \[R\] of the planet is

\[g = \dfrac{{GM}}{{{R^2}}}\] …… (2)

Here, \[F\] is the gravitational force of attraction between the body and the planet, \[G\] is the universal gravitational constant, \[M\] is the mass and \[R\] is the radius of the planet respectively.

**Complete step by step answer:**

The mass of the body on the surface of the Earth is \[700\,{\text{g}}\].

The mass \[M'\] of the other planet is 1/7 th of the mass \[M\] of the Earth and the radius \[R'\] of the planet is half of the radius \[R\] of the Earth.

\[ \Rightarrow M' = \dfrac{1}{7}M\]

\[ \Rightarrow R' = \dfrac{R}{2}\]

Rewrite equation (2) for the acceleration due to gravity \[g\] on the surface of the Earth.

\[ \Rightarrow g = \dfrac{{GM}}{{{R^2}}}\] …… (3)

Rewrite equation (2) for the acceleration due to gravity \[g'\] on the surface of the planet.

\[ \Rightarrow g' = \dfrac{{GM'}}{{R{'^2}}}\] …… (4)

Divide equation (4) by equation (3).

\[ \Rightarrow \dfrac{{g'}}{g} = \dfrac{{\dfrac{{GM'}}{{R{'^2}}}}}{{\dfrac{{GM}}{{{R^2}}}}}\]

\[ \Rightarrow \dfrac{{g'}}{g} = \dfrac{{M'{R^2}}}{{MR{'^2}}}\]

Substitute \[\dfrac{1}{7}M\] for \[M'\] and \[\dfrac{R}{2}\] for \[R'\] in the above equation.

\[ \Rightarrow \dfrac{{g'}}{g} = \dfrac{{\left( {\dfrac{1}{7}M} \right){R^2}}}{{M{{\left( {\dfrac{R}{2}} \right)}^2}}}\]

\[ \Rightarrow \dfrac{{g'}}{g} = \dfrac{4}{7}\]

Rearrange the above equation for \[g'\].

\[ \Rightarrow g' = \dfrac{4}{7}g\]

Calculate the weight of the body on the planet.

Rewrite equation (1) for the weight \[W\] of the body on the planet.

\[ \Rightarrow W = mg'\]

Substitute \[700\,{\text{g}}\] for \[m\] and \[\dfrac{4}{7}g\] for \[g'\] in the above equation.

\[ \Rightarrow W = \left( {700\,{\text{g}}} \right)\left( {\dfrac{4}{7}g} \right)\]

\[ \Rightarrow W = 400g\]

\[ \Rightarrow W = 400\,{\text{gram wt}}\]

Therefore, the weight of the body on the surface of the planet is \[400\,{\text{gram wt}}\].

**Hence, the correct option is A.**

**Note:**Here in this question,the difference in weight of the body occurs due to change of acceleration due to gravity and also remember that mass and weight are the two different quantity.Weight of a body can be zero but mass of a body can not be zero.

Recently Updated Pages

Cryolite and fluorspar are mixed with Al2O3 during class 11 chemistry CBSE

Select the smallest atom A F B Cl C Br D I class 11 chemistry CBSE

The best reagent to convert pent 3 en 2 ol and pent class 11 chemistry CBSE

Reverse process of sublimation is aFusion bCondensation class 11 chemistry CBSE

The best and latest technique for isolation purification class 11 chemistry CBSE

Hydrochloric acid is a Strong acid b Weak acid c Strong class 11 chemistry CBSE

Trending doubts

Give 10 examples for herbs , shrubs , climbers , creepers

Difference Between Plant Cell and Animal Cell

Write a letter to the principal requesting him to grant class 10 english CBSE

Difference between Prokaryotic cell and Eukaryotic class 11 biology CBSE

Fill the blanks with the suitable prepositions 1 The class 9 english CBSE

Name 10 Living and Non living things class 9 biology CBSE

Change the following sentences into negative and interrogative class 10 english CBSE

List some examples of Rabi and Kharif crops class 8 biology CBSE

Write the 6 fundamental rights of India and explain in detail