A magnifying glass is a simple microscope that uses one lens for magnifying small objects like small alphabets.
Simple microscopes have real-life applications in the Biology lab, where we employ this device for observing the internal structure of plants, animals, and microorganisms.
If we talk about the compound microscope, the purpose of this microscope is the same as that of the simple microscope; however, it uses multiple lenses to magnify real-world objects that are invisible to the naked eye.
Here, we will learn to distinguish between a simple microscope and a compound microscope.
Differentiate Between Simple and Compound Microscope
The difference between simple and compound microscope lies hereunder:
Applications of Simple Microscope and Compound Microscope
Let’s say, you are doing a simple eye exercise by focusing on the tip of your finger and bringing it close to your eyes slowly. On bringing it near to your eyes, i.e., before the least distinct vision (25 cm), the image becomes blurred. To get a magnified view of the same, we use a microscope.
Microscopes have wide real-life applications, let’s discuss the applications of the simple and compound microscope one-by-one:
It is used by watchmakers to obtain a magnified view of small parts of the watch.
It is used by jewellers to get a magnified view of the fine parts of jewellery can.
A simple microscope is called the hand lens or the reading lens to obtain an enlarged view of hard-to-read small alphabets.
It is used by a dermatologist (a skin specialist) to examine various skin diseases.
It is used in studying soil particles (Pedology).
Compound microscopes are used to obtain a magnified view of objects at 40x to 1000x resolution, which is formed by the combination of the objective lens and the eyepiece.
The real-life applications of these microscopes are as follows:
Around the year 1670, Antony van Leeuwenhoek invented the single-lens simple microscope that magnified up to 200x and achieved twice the resolution of the objects at those times because he crafted good quality lenses.
Magnifying glass consisting of a double convex lens along with short focal lengths is a simple microscope. Some of the lenses that are based on the same design are the reading lens and hand lens. The process on which the microscope works starts by placing an object near to the length, then with the help of its principal focus an image is produced that is quite bigger and erect from the original object. The image formed of the object placed near the microscope is virtual and cannot be projected on a screen like a real image.
The simple micro has different parts like -
Eyepiece - eyepiece is the lens that is placed on the top of the microscope and used to study the samples.
Base - the base provides a stronghold to the microscope.
Tube - the tube is a bar-like structure that is used to connect the eyepiece and the objective lens.
Objective lens - these lenses are colour-coded and do all the magnification in the microscope.
Revolving nosepiece - this piece helps to shift the viewing by rotating by the viewer.
Diaphragm - the diaphragm is used to provide sufficient light to the microscope for viewing.
Stage - the stage is used to place the slides in front of the objective lens.
The compound microscope has a higher resolution compared to a simple microscope and uses a set of two lenses that can provide a two-dimensional image of the sample placed in the slide. The term compound used in the compound microscope defines itself as the use of more than one lens at least two lens minimum at a time. The respective microscope is considered to be among the standard microscopes that are used for general purposes. The compound microscope can magnify the objects from the complex system.
The compound microscope is used to study the details of tissues, cells, or any other sections of organs. Hence, the parts of the compound microscope are divided into sections
Optical Parts - Diaphragm, Reflector, Condenser, objective lenses, reflector, ocular lens.
Non-optical Parts - Base, pillar, arm, inclination joint, stage, body type, drawtube, rack and pinion, automatic stop, adjustment screws.
The compound microscope has multiple lenses that can provide detailed information about the sample. The respective microscope even has their own source of light that is quite helpful for the detailed analysis. The structure of the compound microscope is designed to be user-friendly and for ease of handle.