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# NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Science Chapter 6 Combustion and Flames

## NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Science Chapter 6 - Free PDF Download

Last updated date: 25th Jan 2023
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NCERT Solutions Class 8 Science Chapter 6 Combustion and Flame is one of the most important aspects of study for students pursuing Science. The ignition and fire arrangements given here can assist understudies with setting up the subjects in an intuitive way. Understudies concentrating in Class 8 are likewise encouraged to examine the NCERT course readings and fathom the given inquiries for a superior comprehension of the themes and subtopics. Check the arrangements given to clear any questions in a flash. This NCERT Solution has answers to the inquiries on burning, kinds of burnings, the function of oxygen in burning, start temperature, inflammable substances, control of fire, definition and various zones of fire, risky contaminations, corrosive downpour and its belongings.

### Points Covered in Class 8 Science Chapter 6

• Combustible compounds are those that burn in the presence of air.

• Combustion requires oxygen (which is found in the air). Heat and light are emitted during the combustion process. The lowest temperature at which a flammable material ignites is called the ignition temperature.

• Combustible substances have a low ignition temperature. Fire may be tamed by eliminating one or more of the conditions that cause it to burn.

• Water is frequently used to put out flames. Water cannot be used to put out flames caused by electrical appliances or lubricants.

• Rapid combustion, spontaneous combustion, explosion, and more forms of combustion exist. A flame may be divided into three distinct zones: black, bright, and non-luminous. The efficiency and cost of various fuels vary.

• Combustible compounds are those that burn in the presence of air.

### Importance of NCERT Solutions

1. Students who are having trouble obtaining solutions to certain topics can use Vedantu's NCERT Solutions.

2. Students may readily access crucial questions, shortcut approaches, and other information.

3. The answers are created by qualified teachers and include all of the basic ideas and problems that are crucial for the test.

4. Important concepts and examples are presented in an interactive format to make learning more enjoyable for students.

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## Access NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Science Chapter 6 – Combustion and Flame

1. List Conditions Under Which Combustion Can Take Place.

Ans: Combustion takes place under the following three conditions:

(i) In the presence of fuel.

(ii) In the presence of oxygen (air).

(iii) In the presence of heat - the minimum temperature at which a substance catches fire, known as ignition temperature.

2. Fill in the Blanks:

a) Burning of wood and coal causes ______ of air.

Ans: Burning of wood and coal causes pollution of air.

b) A liquid fuel used in homes is _____.

Ans: A liquid fuel used in homes is Liquified Petroleum Gas (LPG).

c) Fuel must be heated to its ____ before it starts burning.

Ans: Fuel must be heated to its ignition temperature before it starts burning.

d) The fire produced by oil cannot be controlled by _____.

Ans: Fire produced by oil cannot be controlled by water.

3. Explain How the Use of CNG in Automobiles Has Reduced Pollution in Our Cities.

Ans: The use of CNG in automobiles has reduced pollution in our cities because it is a clean fuel and the amount of unburnt fuel in CNG is very less compared to petroleum. It does not produce smoke and harmful substances that are produced in petroleum.

4. Compare LPG and Wood as Fuels.

Ans: The difference between LPG and wood as fuels is:

 LPG Wood LPG is a by-product of natural gas and crude oil refining. Wood is a fuel that is obtained from trees. Its efficiency is $55,000\text{ }kJ/kg$. Its efficiency is $17,000-22,000\text{ }kJ/kg$. It is a gaseous fuel. It is a solid fuel. It produces less pollution on combustion. It produces a lot of smoke on combustion and causes respiratory problems.

5. Give Reasons.

a) Water is not used to control fires involving electrical equipment.

Ans: Water is not used to control fires involving electrical equipment because water is a good conductor of electricity due to which the person may be electro-conducted and it may damage the equipment.

b) LPG is a better domestic fuel than wood.

Ans: LPG is a better domestic fuel than wood because wood produces a lot of smoke on combustion and causes respiratory problems. Also, its efficiency is lower than LPG.

c) Paper by itself catches fire easily whereas a piece of paper wrapped around an aluminum pipe does not.

Ans: Paper by itself catches fire easily whereas a piece of paper wrapped around an aluminum pipe does not because aluminum is a good conductor of heat which absorbs the heat from the paper and the paper does not catch fire. Whereas, the paper by itself catches fire.

6. Make a Labeled Diagram of a Candle Flame.

Ans: A labeled diagram of a candle flame is:

7. Name the Unit in Which the Calorific Value of a Fuel is Expressed.

Ans: “Kilo Joule per Kilogram $\left( kJ/kg \right)$” is used to express the calorific value of a fuel.

8. Explain how $\mathbf{C}{{\mathbf{O}}_{\mathbf{2}}}$ is able to control fires.

Ans: We know that combustion takes place under the following three conditions:

(i) In the presence of oxygen (air).

(ii) In the presence of fuel.

(iii) In the presence of heat - the minimum temperature at which a substance catches fire, known as ignition temperature.

We can control the fire if any one of the three conditions is not met.

(i) $C{{O}_{2}}$ is heavier than oxygen and hence it acts as a protective blanket and prevents oxygen from reaching the fire.

(ii) Since $C{{O}_{2}}$ is stored in a liquid state, therefore, when it is used on the fire, it expands and cools which lowers down the temperature. This prevents heat from reaching the fire.

9. It is Difficult To Burn a Heap of Green Leaves, but Dry Leaves Catch Fire Easily. Explain.

Ans: It is difficult to burn a heap of green leaves, but dry leaves catch fire easily because combustion takes place in the presence of heat - the minimum temperature at which a substance catches fire, known as ignition temperature. Green leaves have high moisture than dry leaves and hence, it takes more time for green leaves to reach ignition temperature than dry leaves.

10. Which Zone of a Flame Does a Goldsmith Use for Melting Gold and Silver and Why?

Ans: Goldsmiths use the outermost zone of the flame to melt gold and silver because gold and silver have a high melting point and the outermost part undergoes complete combustion and it is the hottest part of the flame which supply the adequate amount of heat required for melting.

11. In an Experiment $\mathbf{4}.\mathbf{5}\text{ }\mathbf{kg}$ of a fuel was completely burnt. The heat produced was measured to be $\mathbf{180},\mathbf{000}\text{ }\mathbf{kJ}$. Calculate the calorific value of the fuel.

Ans: The amount of heat released during combustion of $1\text{ }kg$ fuel is known as calorific value i.e.,

$Calorific\text{ }Value=\dfrac{Heat\text{ produced during combustion}}{Quantity\text{ of fuel}}$

$\Rightarrow Calorific\text{ }Value=\dfrac{180,000}{4.5}\text{ }kJ/kg$

$\therefore Calorific\text{ }Value=40,000\text{ }kJ/kg$

12. Can the Process of Rusting Be Called Combustion? Discuss.

Ans: A chemical process in which a substance reacts with oxygen to give off heat is called combustion. When an iron metal combines with the oxygen in the presence of water to form a compound iron oxide is known as rusting.

Therefore, the process of rusting can be called combustion because in both processes, heat, and light are produced. Rusting is known as slow combustion.

13. Abida and Ramesh Were Doing an Experiment in Which Water Was To Be Heated in a Beaker. Abida Kept the Beaker Near the Wick in the Yellow Part of the Candle Flame. Ramesh Kept the Beaker in the Outermost Part of the Flame. Whose Water Will Get Heated in a Shorter Time?

Ans: A labeled diagram of a candle flame is:

Observe that the innermost zone of the candle which is near to the wick is the least hot whereas the outer zone of the candle is the hottest part of the candle flame.

Since Ramesh kept the beaker in the outermost part of the flame, therefore his beaker will be heated in a shorter time as compared to Abida.

The free Class 8 Science Chapter 6 PDF download for NCERT solutions will help you to gain an in-depth insight into Chemistry. The topics covered in ch 6 Science Class 8 NCERT solutions are an important part of the syllabus. NCERT Solutions provide an easy outlook on the topic and helps the student to secure good marks in their exams. The NCERT solutions of Class 8 Science Chapter 6 can be found online for download in a PDF form. It is easy to understand and will clarify all doubts the students can have.

### NCERT Solutions for Combustion and Flame Class 8 Science Chapter 6

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Science Chapter 6 Combustion and Flame provide a clear insight into tackling combustion with the help of CNG instead of other fuels. Comparatively, CNG is a cleaner fuel. The CNG can be an option for diesel, petroleum and propane/LPG. For most of the parts, it contains a couple of bothersome gases than different energies referenced previously. The burning of fuels like oil causes numerous unburnt carbon particles alongside carbon monoxide, which prompts respiratory infections.

The solutions provided in this PDF also cover the following topics. Water is a decent conduit of power. Whenever added to an electrical fire, the water would simply spread the power further. The individual drenching the fire may get an electric stun. LPG being a cleaner fuel than wood, doesn't deliver smoke and different contaminations. Wood, then again, delivers a great deal of smoke and exhaust dirtying the environment, making contamination and driving respiratory ailments.

Consequently, LPG is a superior homegrown fuel than wood. The paper without anyone else bursts into flames effectively due to its low start temperature. The bit of paper folded over an aluminium pipe doesn't burst into flames since aluminium is a decent channel of power. At the same time, the paper folded over an aluminium pipe brings about an expansion in start temperature. In this way, there is an exchange of warmth from paper to the aluminium pipe. Thus it doesn't burst into flames. These solutions cater to all the needs a student can have regarding this topic.

### NCERT Class 8 Science Chapter 6 Solution Weightage Marks

Class 8 Science Chapter 6 Solution contains a total of 10 marks in CBSE examinations. The topics included in NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Science ch 6 are as follows:

• Combustion.

• Flame Solutions.

• Types of Combustions.

• Role of Oxygen in Combustion.

• Ignition Temperatures.

• Inflammable Substances.

• Control of Fire.

• Fuel and its Efficiency.

• Definitions and Different zones of Flames.

• Dangerous Pollutants.

• Acid Rain and its Effects.

### Benefits of NCERT Solutions For Class 8 Science Chapter 6 Combustion and Flame

The benefits of NCERT Class 8 Science Chapter 6 are endless. The solutions will clear doubts for every candidate, and all prospective questions on these topics are answered here. Combustion and Flame Class 8 NCERT Solutions provide a clear insight into Combustion and Flame. These solutions are given in simple language and can be understood by all students. The solutions are given by teachers who are regarded as experts on this subject. These are prepared with the sole objective of helping the students to gain the maximum marks on these topics. The solutions also contain practical examples of ch 6 Science Class 8 so that the students can handle any problem without any difficulty in the subject. All probable topics that can appear in the exams are covered thoroughly in these solutions for the students to gain more marks in the examination.

### Chapter wise NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Science

Along with this, students can also view additional study materials provided by Vedantu, for Class 8:

## FAQs on NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Science Chapter 6 Combustion and Flames

1. What is Combustion?

Combustion is a process in which a substance, burns in the presence of oxygen, or reacts with oxygen to produce heat and light. It is a chemical process.

2. What is meant by Calorific Value?

The calorific value of a substance is the amount of heat energy contained in it. When a certain amount of a substance undergoes complete combustion at a constant pressure, the amount of heat energy released determines the calorific value of the substance. The unit in which the calorific value is measured is kilo-joule per kilogram, KJkg-1.

3. How many Questions are there in the NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Science Chapter 6 Combustion and Flames?

There are 13 questions and answers in the NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Science Chapter 6 Combustion and Flames. The exercise followed by this chapter comprise fill in the blanks, reasoning, short answer-type questions, drawing diagrams, numerical-value type questions. Every question in this exercise helps students to assess their understanding of the concepts, and they can find well-explained answer to all the questions in the NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Science Chapter 6 Combustion and Flames PDF on Vedantu.

Yes, you can download the NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Science Chapter 6 Combustion and Flames for free from Vedantu. All you need is an internet connectivity and you can download the NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Science Chapter 6 Combustion and Flames PDF on your computer or laptops. You can find this Solutions’ PDF on the official website of Vedantu as well as on the Vedantu mobile app.

5. What is flame, according to Chapter 6 of Class 8 Science?

When you burn something, it becomes hot and luminous gas starts emerging out of the burnt product. The gas that comes out when you burn something is known as the flame. To know more about Flame refer to the NCERT Solutions by Vedantu that have in-detail answers to all the questions and explain every topic properly. This way you will not have any doubts and can crack your exams easily.

6. What is combustion according to Chapter 6 of Class 8 Science?

A chemical reaction in which one given substance reacts with atmospheric oxygen to dissipate heat and light is called combustion.

E.g., burning of paper.

You can learn about this phenomenon in detail with the help of the NCERT solutions by Vedantu for Class 8 Chemistry. With expert knowledge and experience, it will help you understand such complex concepts with ease.

7. What is the difference between Combustion And Flame?

The most basic difference between combustion and flame is that combustion refers to only heating without any flames because most of the energy gets converted to heat during burning, thereby leading to less light energy compared to flame. In case flames are created during the process of combustion, it is known as burning.

8. Why does paper burn with a yellow flame according to Chapter 6 of Class 8 Science?

An insufficient flow of oxygen while combusting this piece of paper leads to the production of solid carbon particles, which rise through the flame. These particles become hot, burn and ultimately give a yellowish light. That is why a piece of paper will usually burn with a yellow flame.

NCERT Solutions of Chapter 6 of Class 8 Science are available at free of cost on the Vedantu website and on the Vedantu app. These solutions have more such experiments and their answers to help you understand complex phenomena easily.