## Introduction to Roman Number

Roman numbers are a numeral system that originated in ancient Rome and remained the usual way of writing numbers throughout Europe well into the late Middle Ages. The Number system is represented by a combination of letters from the Latin alphabet. Modern symbols use fixed integers value and seven symbols.

## How to Write Roman Numbers

Roman numbers are written by using basic symbols of roman numerals like

For reading and writing numbers up to 50, we need only the first 4 symbols.

i.e., I V X L

A single line or “I” referred to one unit;

‘V” represented five fingers, specifically the V- shape made by thumb and forefingers.

‘X” represents two hands.

So, Romans used different combinations of symbols to write numbers using adding and subtracting.

## Roman Number Symbol

1) SYMBOL “I” has the value 1 and it will not be repeated more than three times.

2) SYMBOL “V” has the value 5 and it will not be repeated.

3) SYMBOL “X” has the value 10 and yes to the max it can be repeated three times maximum.

4) SYMBOL “L” has the value 50 and it is not repeated.

5) SYMBOL “C” has the value 100 and it is repeated three times.

6) SYMBOL “M” has the value 1000 and it is repeated max three times.

So, above are some rules that we have to consider while explaining numerals into Roman Numerals.

Let's look at some of the examples:

Chart Showing Roman Numerals

### Modern Use of Roman Numerals

So why would someone study Roman numerals in the twenty-first century? Roman numerals are still employed in a number of contexts today, against popular belief. For example:

In story or report outlines

Clock and watch faces may display symbols like IV for the number 4

Prefaces, Forewords, and Chapter Numbers in Books on movies and significant occasions like Rocky II and Super Bowl XLVI

For kings and queens like Felipe VI and Elizabeth II

For Roman Catholic popes like Pope Benedict XVI and Pope John Paul II

## Solved Examples:

Q 1. Write the roman numerals from 1 to 27.

Ans: Let’s have a look at roman numerals up to 27 (XXVII)

1 I 11 XI 21 XXI

2 II 12 XII 22 XXII

3 III 13 XIII 23 XXIII

4 IV 14 XIV 24 XXIV

5 V 15 XV 25 XXV

6 VI 16 XVI 26 XXVI

7 VII 17 XVII 27 XXVII

8 VIII 18 XVIII

9 IX 19 XIX

10 X 20 XX

Q 2. How to write Roman Numerals from 11 to 20 and what it means?

Ans:

How to Solve Numerals

## Practice Questions

Q1. Write the following numbers using international numerals.

V, XXVI, XVII, XIX, XX, XVIII, VIII

Ans: 5, 26, 17, 19, 20, 18, 8

Q2. Write the number using Roman numerals.

1. 9

2. 23

3. 27

4. 15

Ans: 1. IX

2. XXIII

3. XXVII

4. XV

Q3. Write the following numbers, given in words in English numerals:

(i) Five hundred fifteen

(ii) One hundred sixty eight

(iii) Three thousand eight hundred and two

(iv) Eight hundred three

Ans:

(i) 515

(ii) 168

(iii) 3802

(iv) 803

Q4. Write the value of the following Roman digits:

(i) I

(ii) V

(iii) X

(iv) L

Ans:

(i) one

(ii) five

(iii) ten

(iv) fifty

## Summary

Roman numerals are a numeral system that originated in ancient Rome, Number system this kind of is represented by a combination of letters from the Latin alphabets. Modern symbols use fixed integers value and seven symbols. It is represented in different symbols like I, V, X. The use of Roman numerals continued long after the decline of the Roman Empire. It is essentially a decimal or base ten number system.

There has never been an official or universally accepted standard for Roman numerals. Usage in ancient Rome varied greatly and became thoroughly chaotic in mediaeval time.

## FAQs on Roman Numerals Upto XXVII

1. What Roman numeral cannot be repeated more than once? Who created the Roman numeral?

The Letter V, L, and D are never used more than once. Likewise, a symbol is never used more than three times in a row. Around 500 B.C.E, the Romans devised a numerals system for representing numbers. The Roman numeral system for expressing numerals was created. Roman numerals became the standard way to depict numbers for centuries in Europe when the Romans conquered a large portion of the world that was then known to them.

In order to prevent numbers from becoming too long cumbersome the Romans also allowed for subtraction when a smaller numeral preceded a larger numeral.

2. In Roman numerals, how is zero written?

There are no zeros in Roman numerals. The Romans also used fractions which were called uncia. Roman numerals are sometimes written to write the years. The Romans would sometimes use Roman numerals as the days of the week. The Romans had no symbol for zero. Thus, it starts the symbol from one. Their number system was NOT based on place value. If they wished to express the concept 'nothing' they would use the word “nullus”.

3. What are Roman Numerals?

Roman Numerals are a type of number system that is used to represent fixed integer values. Roman numerals system that originated in ancient Rome and remained the unusual way of writing numbers throughout Europe well into the Latin MIddle Ages. The numbers in this system are represented by a combination of letters from the symbol, each with a fixed value.

The use of Roman numerals continued long after the decline of the Roman Empire. From the 14th century on Roman numerals began to be replaced by Arabic Numerals and the use of Roman numerals persists in some applications to this.