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Fun Facts About Countries for Kids

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Last updated date: 21st Jul 2024
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Overview About Countries

The world is a beautiful place to live. It is an entity in itself and comprises many continents. We have 7 continents around the globe. Now, what is a country? To put it simply, when we further divide the world into smaller continents, we call it a country. A country has an entity of itself. It is a mass of land with a government that rules over it. The world consists of not more than 200 countries.

In this article, we will be learning about Continents and Countries and some exciting country information for kids. Let’s now begin with country research for kids.

The World

The World

Continents of the World

As discussed earlier, continents constitute the world. They are like big pieces of land surrounded by water, mountains, and islands. There are, in total, 7 continents in the world. They are listed below, ranging from the largest to the smallest continent.

  1. Asia

  2. Africa

  3. North America

  4. South America

  5. Antarctica

  6. Europe

  7. Australia

Most continents have different counties in them. If you take Asia, it includes countries like India, Pakistan, Thailand, Japan, and China, to name a few. 

Seven Continents

Seven Continents 

What is a Country?

As we have discussed above, our world and different continents, let us throw some more light on countries.

When continents are further divided into smaller pieces of land, they are called countries. Countries are territories that have borders to separate them from other countries to avoid confusion and conflicts. They are managed by their respective governments to maintain peace, law, and order. Countries are further divided into smaller parts called states. 

The people who live in a particular country are called its citizens, which becomes their nationality. For e.g. a person living in India is called an Indian. Similarly, a person who resides in Canada will be called a Canadian, or if someone says they are from Australia, you will know that they are an Australian or an African is someone from Africa.

195 countries of the world

195 countries of the world


Different Countries, Different Cultures

As the two sides of the coin are not the same, similarly, no two countries are the same geographically. Different countries have different cultures, values, traits, attitudes, and behaviours. Won’t you agree that Russian people are culturally, ethically, and linguistically quite different to Indians? As different people have different personalities, the same is the case with countries. 

One can differentiate between countries on the following parameters:

  1. Name: No two countries will and can share the same name. This is to avoid confusion for its citizens and other people. The country's name is normally derived from its history and features. 

  2. Flags: A country is recognised globally by the flag that represents it. The flag's colour, style, and pattern hold great significance to its country. Flags also create a sense of unity amongst different people living in different states of a nation.  

  3. Languages: Though English is rapidly becoming the universal language for all countries, we should never forget that each country has its mother tongue, which its residents are super proud of. Like we speak Hindi, Tamil, etc., in India, people in Russia majorly converse in Russian, whereas you will find a person from Italy who will prefer to talk in Italian. 

Different countries but stand as one

Different Countries but Stand as One

Country Fun Facts for Kids

Below are some facts about different countries for kids, which enhance their general knowledge and amuse them. Did you know there are around 7.7  billion people in the whole wide world?

  • You will be amazed to know that out of 195 countries, Canada has the largest number of lakes.

  • The tag of the oldest country in the world goes to San Marino, which covers an area of just 62 square kilometres.

  • For those who do not like hills, you will be happy to know that the Maldives is the flattest country in the world. Well, this might be the perfect place for you!


In this article, we have seen a brief about the world's seven continents, what a country is, and some fun facts about countries for kids.

To conclude, we can say that a country becomes a nationality to the people who reside in it, and it has a direct relation to its ethnicity, and the culture it promotes. It also has physical borders that are protected by its army. All these give a sense of belongingness and security to the people residing there. There are in total 195 countries that complete the world. These are a few things about a country for kids to understand about the country. 

FAQs on Fun Facts About Countries for Kids

1. Which is the largest country in the world?

Russia is the largest country in the world, covering an area of 17,098,242 kilometre square, which accounts for 11% of the total world’s landmass area of 148,940,000 kilometre square. 

2. Which two countries in the world share the longest border?

The USA and Canada are the two countries that share the longest international border. It is  8,890 km or 5,525 miles long. The countries that come closest to this are Russia and Kazakhstan which have a 6,846 km long border.

3. Which city is located on two continents?

The only city in the world situated on two continents is Istanbul in Turkey. As the city is laid out over two sides of the Bosporus, it shares borders with Asia and Europe.