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English Grammar Class 7 Modals

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Last updated date: 25th Feb 2024
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IVSAT 2024

English Grammar Class 7- Download Free PDF With Solutions

Modals can be difficult, especially when using them in a sentence, as they act as the helping verb. Can you use modals in a sentence properly? Do you know about their usage? If you are struggling to learn modals or have any confusion about modals for Class 7, this article will guide you for easy learning. So, let’s start!


What are Modals in English Grammar?

Modals refer to the helping verbs used in a sentence to express specific hypothetical situations like requests, capability, or advice. Modals are always used with a main verb. The most common modal verbs are- may, might, shall, should, can, could, will, would, and must.

English Grammar for Class 7 Modals Download Free PDF

In today's lesson, We will learn what modals are and their usage. The mode of action indicated by the primary verb is expressed by modals, which are called auxiliary verbs or helping verbs. Through this article let’s learn more about these helping verbs along with examples and practice questions.


English Grammar


English Grammar


A unique kind of verb is a modal verb. In a sentence, modal verbs modify or influence other verbs. They can be used to demonstrate potential, denote skill, demonstrate responsibility, or grant authorization. When compared to "regular" verbs, modal verbs behave differently.


Can, could, may, might, would, and should are some examples of modal verbs.


Modal Verbs


Modal Verbs


When compared to "regular" verbs, modal verbs behave differently. 

Some of them are

  • Will

  • Would

  • Should

  • Could

  • May

  • Can

  • Shall

  • Must

  • Might

  • Ought to


Modals Verbs


Modals Verbs


Although the ones mentioned above are the most typical, there are other modal verbs. While certain modal verbs, like got to, need to, and have to, are more informal, others, like shall and ought to, are archaic and hardly used. Some use highly specific, seldom expressions, such as "I dare say," to explain their situations. Like a modal verb, the word used to, as in "I used to be an English student, too," also has certain properties.


When do you apply modal verbs?

  • Likelihood

  • Possibility

  • Ability

  • Asking Permission

  • Request

  • Suggestion/Advice

  • Command

  • Obligation or Necessity

  • Habit


Likelihood

We don't know for sure, but some things appear possible. The modal verbs should and must can be used in certain situations to indicate likelihood without certainty. 

Possibility

Use the modal verbs could, may, or could when something is conceivable but uncertain. Example: It might rain today. 

She may become a great singer

Ability

The modal verb can indicate whether or not the subject is able to carry out an activity or display a skill. The negative form, cannot or can't, similarly indicates that the subject is unable to perform an action. 

Example: She can speak many languages. 

You can lead a battalion. 

Asking Permission

Use the words "can," "may," or "could" at the beginning of your query if you wish to request permission. Traditionally, may is preferred for permission. (However, when discussing possibility or authorization in modern use, may and can are also completely valid possibilities.) 

Example: May I leave? Could I play too?

Request

In a similar spirit, if you want to request anything from another person, begin your request with either will, would, can, or could. 

Example: Would you get that box? 

Will you turn that music down?

Suggestion/Advice

What if you only want to urge someone to do something? You can use the modal word should if you're offering suggestions or advice without telling someone what to do. Example: You should try the Manakish. 

That girl should wear less perfume.

Command

Use the modal verbs must, have to, or need to, on the other hand, if you want to command someone. 

Example: You need to come home.

Obligation or Necessity

An essential activity, such as an obligation, responsibility, or requirement, can be expressed with a modal verb. The negative form conveys that an activity is not required. Use the same modal verbs—must, have to, or need to—as you would with instructions. Example: We have to wait for her to open this.

Habit

You can use the modal verbs would for the past tense and will for the present and future to indicate an ongoing or habitual action—something the subject does frequently. When referring to a habit that no longer exists, you can use the expression used to. 

Example: I would fall asleep with the music turned on.


Modals Verbs


Modal Verbs


How to use Modal Verbs?

Thankfully, it's not too difficult to use modal verbs in sentences. Just keep in mind these guidelines for simple present-tense sentences:

  • Modal verbs are usually placed before the primary verb (except for questions).

  • Use the main verb's infinitive form without the preposition "to" when the verb is modal.

  • The infinitive form of the primary verb is still used in questions, although the order is slightly different: Modal verb+Subject+Main verb.

  • The majority of modal verbs are in the present tense since they typically refer to hypothetical or broad scenarios that haven't really occurred. Let's speak a little about how to assemble them since some of them can be used in several verb tenses.


Modal Verbs

Type

Modal verbs

Examples

Ability

Can, could

He can speak 3 languages

Permission

Can, Could, May

Could I open the window?

Advice

Should

You should try to lose some weight.

Obligation

Must, Have to

I must memorise all of them for exams.

Possibility

May, Might, Can, Could

It looks nice, but it might be very expensive.


Difficult Words and Meaning

Words

Meaning

Burn

Destroy by fire

Capture

Seize

Confront

Oppose

Conquer

Possession by force

Deploy

Place troops


Practice Questions

Choose the answer

1. You are late. You ……………….. hurry.
(a) can                 (b) must
(c) will                 (d) May

2. “……………….. I have a piece of cake, please?” I asked.
(a) Shall              (b) May
(c) Will                (d) Must

3. I wish I ……………….. be as intelligent as Einstein.
(a) must             (b) could
(c) should          (d) shall

4. That plug is faulty. You ……………….. touch it.
(a) mustn’t         (b) needn’t
(c) couldn’t        (d) won’t

5. Don’t listen to everything he says. He ……………….. be wrong.
(a) shall             (b) can
(c) must            (d) need

Answers:

1.  The correct answer is option(b) must

You are late. You must hurry.

2. The correct answer is option (b) May

May I have a piece of cake, please?” I asked.

3. The correct answer is option (b) could

 I wish I could be as intelligent as Einstein.

4. The correct answer is option (b) May

That plug is faulty. You may touch it.

5. The correct answer is option (a) can

Don’t listen to everything he says. He can be wrong.

Benefits of Learning Modals for Class 7

  • It is very important to know the use of modals in English grammar as these verbs are widely used in the English language.

  • Modal verbs are used in a sentence to create nuances of expression.

  • Some of the modal verbs are the verbs that are used to express politeness while proposing a suggestion or asking a question. 


Examples of Modals Class 7

  • I can play the flute.

  • She must come to tomorrow’s class. 

  • You should not skip school. 

  • The train might get delayed because of the heavy rainfall.


Facts About Modals Class 7

Use of Modals in English Grammar

Modal: Can 

Usage

Example

Offering

I can help you to pass the examination.

Possibility

She can fail if she doesn’t study hard.

Requesting

Can you tell my friend to call me tomorrow?

Ability

I can play tennis.

Taking permission

Can I borrow your English grammar book?


Modal: Must

Usage

Example

Possibility

Your father must be late for his office due to the traffic jam.

Recommendation

You must read this book.

Necessity

You must eat vegetables.


Modal: Might

Usage

Example

Offering hesitantly

Might I help your brother with his homework?

Probability

She might be late for today’s class.


Modals: Could 

Usage

Example

Ability (in the past)

I could go to the playground anytime I wanted.

Questioning politely

Could I watch TV for 10 minutes, please?

Possibility

It could get very cold in Kashmir.

Requesting politely

Could I help her, please?

Suggesting politely

You could go to the hills last summer vacation.

Offering politely

I could give her my notebook if she needed it.


Modals: Will

Usage

Example

Demand, wish, request

Will you give me your notebook?

Promise

I will call you every day.

Assumption

I think she will be late for class again.


Modals: Would 

Usage

Example

Request, wish

Would you play badminton with me?

Past habits

Sometimes she would borrow my story books.


Modals: Shall

Usage

Example

Giving suggestions

You shall work out every morning.


Modals: May not

Usage

Example

Prohibition

You may not awake late at night.


Modals: Ought to 

Usage

Example

Obligation

You ought to study every morning.

Advice

You ought to stop eating junk food every day.


Modals: Need to

Usage

Example

Something that is not necessary

You need not attend the music class as our music teacher is out of town.


Important Topics of Class 7 English Grammar Modals

In this chapter, you will learn:

  • What are modals in English grammar?

  • Use of modals in English grammar

  • Practising modals exercises for Class 7 CBSE with answers


Conclusion 

English has many modal verbs, and you've probably encountered them hundreds of times without realising what they are called. Modals are unique verbs that differ from regular verbs in several ways. The modal verbs are employed to communicate capacity, potential, authorization, or duty. One or more of these modalities can be expressed using any of the modal verbs. They can also be used to create conditional sentences and the English future tense. They are never used alone; a primary verb is always used after them. They offer further specifics regarding the main verb. They can be used to convey confidence, potential, readiness, duty, obligation, necessity, and aptitude. 


The Free PDF is best for taking modal notes for Class 7 students. All modal verbs and their usage are briefly introduced in the PDF with many examples. The modals exercises for Class 7 in the PDF will be very helpful for your kids to practice the chapter after reading the explanations. You can use this PDF as the worksheet on modals for Class 7 and make their learning more fun-filling and easy.


Our main goal is to provide as many free study resources to the school students as possible. All our study materials are based solely on NCERT textbooks, and we try to cover all the chapters. You can also get the NCERT book links from our website.

FAQs on English Grammar Class 7 Modals

1. What is the speciality of modals?

Modals are the helping verb that affects or changes the form of other verb/verbs in the sentence.

2. How many modal verbs are present in English Grammar?

There are 9 moral verbs in English: can, will, shall, may, could, should, might, would, and could. There are other moral verbs called quasi-modal verbs like has to, ought to, and need to.

3. When are modal verbs used in a sentence?

Modal verbs are used in a sentence for many purposes like expressing ability, possibility, request, suggestion, asking or granting permission, necessity, commanding, habit, and likelihood.