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English Grammar Determiners Class 10

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Last updated date: 17th Apr 2024
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MVSAT 2024

English Determiners Exercise Class 10 - Download Free PDF with Solution

Determiners can be a pain in the neck, don't you agree? The previous sentence had 2 determiners (articles), in case you missed it. You might be baffled, as it happens to the finest of us. In English, determiners act as modifiers of nouns and are truly influential when it comes to grammar. Once learnt, students will be able to form words and sentences that carry precise grammar, enhancing their skill sets as they progress to higher classes.


Starting off, what’re determiners? Determiners are words that shed light on nouns and similar words and what they are referring to. They are of three major types - articles, possessives and demonstratives. In determiners for Class 10, students will deal with articles alone. They will know what are articles and their types and how to form sentences with them, leading to the hassle-free understanding of this grammatical concept through numerous determiners exercise Class 10.

English Grammar Determiners Exercise Class 10 Download free PDF

Today we will study an exciting topic “Determiners”. We all know that nouns used in sentences always accompany some words either before or after the noun. Those words play a crucial role in understanding the meaning of the sentence. Those words are called Determiners. Through this article, you will learn about the determiners, and types of determiners along with examples and practice questions.


English Grammar


English Grammar


Determiners Class 10


Determiners


Determiners


  • Determiners are words used before a noun to indicate the group of things or people under discussion.

  • These include the words ‘a’, ‘the‘, ‘my’, ‘this’, ‘some’, and ‘many’.

  • For example, He is a smart boy. In this sentence, ‘a’ is a determiner. It gives us the idea that the statement is based on a single boy.


Kinds of Determiners for Class 10


Kinds of Determiners


Kinds of Determiners


Determiners can be categorized into nine types:

This can be summarized in a table as:

Type

Examples

Pre-determiners


All, all of, half, half of, both, double,twice, rather,such,what,etc.

Articles


A, An, The

Demonstratives

This, that, those,these

Possessives

My, your, our her, mine, their, etc.

Ordinals


First,second,last, Next, etc.

Cardinals

One, Four, hundred,etc.

Quantifiers

Much, many, Some, Little, any, Enough, etc.

Distributives

Each, Every, Either, neither

Interrogatives

what,who,whose,where,why,etc.



Let's go into more detail about each type.


Pre-Determiners Class 10

  • The words which occur before a determiner to limit the meaning of a noun are called pre-determiners.

  • These include half, all, both, double, twice, quite, and rather.

  • He will consume half of the meal.

  • All the girls joined the race.

  • He drank half of the drink.

  • All of them were enlightenment.

  • The seminar was attended by half of the class.


Articles

  • Articles denote the specificity of a noun.

  • There are two types, the definite and the indefinite article.

  • ‘The’ is the definite article whereas ‘a’ and ‘an’ are the indefinite articles.

  • The definite article is used before any common noun, specific things or people.

  • The parent would like to meet the principal.

  • Sonu threw the bat into the garbage

  • The students were not in the class.

  • The Taj Mahal is a marvellous creation.

  • The tourists visited the monument.

  • The indefinite articles, ‘a’, ‘an’ are used before general and indefinite things.

  • The article ‘a’ is used before the words which begin with a consonant or consonant sound and ‘an’ is used before the words beginning with vowel or vowel sounds. 

  • The girl bought an appl from the market.

  • Ram is an Indian.

  • He had an umbrella to protect himself from the heat.

  • Sam is an honest man.

  • Sheela is a smart lady.


Demonstratives

  • The words that are used to talk about persons or things that have already been mentioned are referred to as demonstratives.

  • These include this, these, that, those.

  • Somu bought this stationery.

  • These cats are cute.

  • Those puppies are adorable.

  • I met my manager this week.


Possessives

  • These words are used to show the possession of an object by the subject.

  • These include my, mine, hers, his our, your, his, her, its, and their. 

  • He is my friend.

  • She is my teacher.

  • Ram is our boss.

  • This is her pet.

  • They love their family.


Ordinals

  • The words that show the positions in a series are called ordinals.

  • These include, first, second, next, and last.

  • I’ll call you next.

  • You’ve secured the first position in the competition.

  • He sits on the last bench.

  • She was the first person who came to my rescue.


Cardinals

  • Cardinals show the number. These are ordinary numbers like one, two, or three.

  • There were only five girls.

  • The library has around a thousand books.

  • The museum has a fossil that is five thousand years old.

  • He has ten collections.

  • She lived in this house for twenty years.


Quantifiers

  • The words that refer to the number of things or amount of something are called quantifiers.

  • These include much, some, several, a lot of, both, and all.

  • Some people were waiting for you.

  • He has enough of his pet.

  • She drank a lot of beet juice.

  • There was sufficient food for all people.


Distributives

each, every, either, neither.

  • The words that refer to every single member of a group are called distributive determiners.

  • These include each, every, neither, either.

  • He interacted with each student.

  • I agree with every word of my friend.

  • Each complaint will be addressed.

  • Either of the parents has to attend the meeting.

  • Neither of the answers is correct.


Interrogatives

  • The words used for asking questions are called interrogative determiners.

  • These include what, which, and whose.

  • Whose pen is this?

  • Which is your sandal?

  • What colour is your purse?

  • Which book are you studying?

  • Whose bag is this?


Difficult Words with  Meanings

Word

Meaning

Category

Group

Possession

Own

Begin

Start

Distinct

Different

Illustration

Examples

Clarity

Clear


Practice Questions from Determiners Class 10 Exercise with Answers

  1. Do you know ___ bag this is? (whose/their)

  2. Can you give me ___ pen? (a/an)

  3. Shiksha scored ___in the class. (first/one)

  4. Joey is ___ honest man. (a/an)

  5. ___ students were called to the auditorium. (any/some)

  6. She was ___  ready for the interview nor wanted to take the job. (neither/either)

  7. She had a ___ of pasta during dinner. (many/lot)

  8. The shelf was filled with ___ of books. (many/hundreds)

  9. The pen is ___ and I gave it to him. (mine/me)

  10. I scored the ___ rank in the whole crew. (first/one)


Answer:

  1. Do you know whose bag this is? (whose/their)

  2. Can you give me a pen? (a/an)

  3. Shiksha scored first in the class. (first/one)

  4. Joey is an honest man. (a/an)

  5. Some students were called to the auditorium. (any/some)

  6. She was neither ready for the interview nor wanted to take the job. (neither/either)

  7. She had a lot of pasta during dinner. (many/lot)

  8. The shelf was filled with hundreds of books. (many/hundreds)

  9. The pen is mine and I gave it to him. (mine/me)

  10. I scored the first rank in the whole crew. (first/one)


Benefits of Learning English Grammar Determiners Class 10 PDF

  • Articles are determiners that provide grammatical correctness and accuracy in sentences. 

  • Its job is to do a portrayal of the meaning of what certain nouns refer to.

  • They are part of an essential portion of English grammar, providing adequate information on nouns.

  •  Most students are confused  with the correct usage of articles, so studying this as a separate topic in determiners for class 10 in English grammar will intensify their control of English grammar.

  • The usage of these determiners tells the reader/listener if it's being specific  about something based on the position of the articles, delivering the meaning of sentences accordingly. 


Examples of Usage of Determiners Exercise Class 10

These are a few NCERT determiners Class 10 exercise with answers examples :


  1. Fill in the blanks with the correct article :

I saw __ tiger today.

She lent me one of __ books from her brother’s library.

He claims to have seen __ elf in his backyard.

  1. Insert a, an and the suitably :

“Death Note” is __ anime about __ young man who comes across __deadly notebook which belongs to soul reapers. He is introduced to one such soul reaper who prefers __ apple over everything else. __ story progresses intensely and ends with __ characters getting what they deserve. It sheds light on __ thin lines between justice, power and opinions.

Interesting Facts about Determiners Class 10 PDF

  • Determiners belong to the class of words that are used to alter (determine) nouns and noun phrases, making it easy to identify its reference to something in particular or in general.

  • Under determiners, articles consists of two types :

    •  definite article

    •  indefinite articles 

  • The definite article “the” is used  in sentences when it is referring to something specific. (She glanced at the deep blue sea, spotting the bottom.)

  • The indefinite articles “a” and “an” are used in sentences to refer to something(s) in general. (He grabbed an axe and a chainsaw.) 

  • Indefinite articles are used depending if a noun begins with a consonant or a vowel:

    • Nouns beginning with a consonant will always have “a” before them. (a belief, a crime)

    • Nouns beginning with a vowel or the letter “h” always have “an” before them. ( an owl, an honour)

  • You can identify which correct article to use depending on the noun. I.e, if the noun is singular, plural, countable or uncountable, then the articles can be used suitably.

  • All articles are determiners but not all determiners are articles.


Important Topics of Determiners Class 10 PDF

These are the following topics you will be learning in determiners exercise Class 10  in english grammar-


  • What are determiners and how to use them in sentences?

  • How to use “a”, “an” and “the” in a sentence.

  • Filling in the blanks and choosing the correct article.

  • Identifying incorrect articles in sentences.

  • A brief introduction on possessives and demonstratives.

  • Many more helpful determiners class 10 exercise with answers.


Conclusion

In Determiners class 10, we have discussed one of the very crucial topics of English Grammar,  Determiners. Determiners are useful because they help to define nouns and make sentences as clear and focused as possible. Many components of speech can function as determiners, including articles, demonstratives, quantifiers, and possessives. They may be able to determine whether an item (noun) is broad or specialised, singular or plural. They can quantify nouns and provide information about noun ownership. They can refer to the proximity or distance of nouns. In a nutshell, Determiners indicate which reference the noun has been used in.


Being convenient to use, students can now learn elaborated content on determiners for Class 10 at Vedantu’s website, available for free downloads through the PDF format.


There are also few NCERT determiner exercise Class 10 present at Vedantu’s website, which prove to help the students of Class 10 in the long run, drastically boosting their overall mastery over English grammar.

FAQs on English Grammar Determiners Class 10

1. What are determiners?

Determiners are small words placed before nouns that specify something about them. They can indicate:


  1. Definiteness: whether the noun refers to a specific thing ("the book") or any member of a class ("a book").

  2. Quantity: how many things the noun refers to ("some books", "two books").

  3. Possessiveness: who owns the thing ("my book", "their books").

  4. Demonstration: pointing to the location or distance of the thing ("this book", "those books").

  5. Distribution: specifying how something is shared ("each book", "both books").

2. Why are the articles named definite and indefinite?

“A” and “An” are given the name “indefinite articles” as their usage indicates in not specifying a particular person, place, animal or thing. Hence, the noun remains indefinite.


“The” is called the definite article as it is used in sentences to specify a person, place, animal or thing in particular, so the noun is definite and sure. 

3. What is the difference between determiners and articles?

Determiners are a bunch of words that are used to describe/elaborate information on nouns whereas articles belong to one of the categories of the bigger group of determiners.


There are three main determiners namely articles, possessives and determinatives whereas articles have two subcategories called definite and indefinite articles.

4. Can we use two determiners/articles in a sentence?

Of course, having any two or more determiners/articles in a sentence is very much possible.

5. How are determiners used in sentences?

Determiners usually come directly before the noun they modify. However, they can sometimes be followed by other adjectives:


  • The red book is mine. ("the" and "red" are both determiners modifying "book")

  • I gave each child a cookie. ("each" and "a" are determiners modifying "child" and "cookie", respectively)

6. How are possessive adjectives used?

Possessive adjectives show ownership. They come before the noun they modify and cannot be used with articles:


  • My book is on the table.

  • Their house is blue.

7. What is the difference between demonstratives and quantifiers?

Demonstratives point to the location or distance of the noun:

  • This book is new. (the book close to the speaker)

  • Those cats are sleeping. (the cats further away)


Quantifiers specify the amount or number of something:

  • I have some cookies. (an unspecified number)

  • We need three apples. (a specific number)