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Why do cat's eyes glow at night?

Last updated date: 15th Jul 2024
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Hint: This is because of a type of membrane which is located behind the retina. When the light enters the eye then the light rays bounce off this membrane. Also the presence of this membrane is basically responsible for the standard known as eyeshine in animals.

Complete answer:
• The tapetum lucidum is a type of layer of the eye that is present in some of the animals. It can be found in both species (the vertebrate and invertebrate) but is more commonly found in mammals. The tapetum lucidum is a kind of reflective surface that basically causes the eyes of animals to look like they are glowing in the dark.
• As we discussed already that some of the animals have an additional layer located in the back of the eye known as the tapetum lucidum and in order to produce eyeshine, a light source must be directed toward the eyes of an animal which will cause it to be reflected off the tapetum lucidum. The reflected light eventually makes the eyes of an animal appear to glow.
• Due to the presence of tapetum lucidum, the eyes of the cat glow at night. There are many species of the nocturnal animals who have this layer in their eyes. The availability of a tapetum lucidum allows animals to see more accurately in low light settings.

Note: The main purpose of this membrane is to improve the vision for animals who are nocturnal or live in spaces where there is very low amount of light. The eyes of Humans do not have a tapetum lucidum in them.