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Which of the following parallels of latitude divides India into two almost equal parts?
A.Equator
B.Tropic of Capricorn
C.Tropic of Cancer
D.Prime Meridian

Answer
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Hint: The Equator is located at zero degrees latitude. The tropic of cancer and Tropic of Capricorn each lie at 23.5 degrees latitude. The Equator divides Earth into Northern and Southern Hemispheres, it is the Prime Meridian. Greenwich is considered as the Prime Meridian.

Complete answer:
Tropic of Cancer is an imaginary line that divides India into two almost equal parts.
Tropic of Cancer is the most northern latitude and the Tropic of Capricorn is the most southern latitude on the Earth.
Important facts about Tropic of cancer:
I. It is present above the Equator.
II. 23.5-degree latitude is known as the Tropic of Cancer.
III. It is also referred to as the Northern Tropic.
IV. At this place, the midday sun rays are vertical on 21 June.
V. Tropic of Cancer passes through 16 countries.
VI. Mahi river is the only river in India that cuts the tropic of Cancer twice.
VII. Tropic of Cancer passes through eight Indian states including (west-east):
      (i) Gujarat
      (ii) Rajasthan
      (iii) Madhya Pradesh
      (iv) Chhattisgarh
       (v) Jharkhand
       (vi) West Bengal
       (vii) Tripura
        (viii) Mizoram.
VIII. Udaipur in Tripura is the city which is nearest to the Tropic of Cancer

Hence, the correct answer is option (C).

Note:Equator: The Equator or 0 degrees latitude divides the Earth into the Northern and Southern Hemispheres.
Tropic of Capricorn: The Tropic of Capricorn is the southernmost latitude where the sun can be seen directly overhead.
Prime Meridian: The Prime Meridian is the line of 0-degree longitude,it is the starting point for measuring the distance both east and west around the Earth. Greenwich(Denmark) is the Prime Meridian.