Which movement was joined by Gandhiji to promote Hindu - Muslim unity?
A) Non-cooperation movement
B) Khilafat movement
C) Satyagraha movement
D) Peasant and workers movement

Answer
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Hint: Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was an Indian lawyer, anti-colonial nationalist, and political ethicist who led the successful campaign for India's independence from British rule through nonviolent resistance, which inspired civil rights and freedom movements around the world. The honorific Mahatma was originally bestowed to him in South Africa in 1914 and is now used all throughout the world.

Complete answer:
The Khilafat movement, also known as the Indian Muslim movement, was a pan-Islamist political protest campaign launched by Muslims in British India led by Shaukat Ali, Maulana Mohammad Ali Jauhar, Hakim Ajmal Khan, and Abul Kalam Azad to restore the Ottoman Caliphate's caliph, who was considered the Muslim leader, as an effective political authority (1919–24). It was a protest against the Treaty of Sèvres, which imposed penalties on the caliph and the Ottoman Empire following World War I.

The Indian National Congress, India's main political party and leader of the nationalist movement, formed an alliance with Khilafat leaders in 1920. Mohandas Gandhi, the Congress leader, and the Khilafat leaders agreed to work together and fight for the causes of Khilafat and Swaraj.

The Khilafatists were a key component of the non-cooperation movement, a countrywide campaign of mass, peaceful civil disobedience, in order to put further pressure on the colonial authority. Some also joined Amanullah Khan's protest emigration from the North-West Frontier Province to Afghanistan.

Gandhi became close to Khilafat leaders like as Dr. Ansari, Maulana Azad, and Hakim Ajmal Khan. In 1920, these leaders established the Jamia Millia Islamia to pursue autonomous Muslim education and social renewal. At initially, the campaign of non-cooperation was effective. The boycott began with legislative councils, government schools, colleges, and imported goods.

Government duties, as well as titles and honours, are being relinquished. Across India, massive demonstrations, strikes, and acts of civil disobedience erupted. The movement, which began peacefully, brought together Hindus and Muslims. The colonial administration quickly detained Gandhi, the Ali brothers, and others.

Thus the correct answer is option ‘B’.

Note: The Khilafat movement has sparked debate and strong feelings. It is viewed as a political movement based on a pan-Islamist, fundamentalist platform that is primarily uninterested in the cause of Indian independence, according to opponents. Khilafat's relationship with the Congress is seen by critics as a marriage of convenience. Supporters of the Khilafat regard it as the catalyst for India's non-cooperation movement and a big step toward bettering Hindu-Muslim relations, while supporters of Pakistan and Muslim separatism see it as a key step toward the creation of a distinct Muslim state. The Ali brothers are considered Pakistan's founding fathers.